1945

Article

August 20, 2022

1945 is a normal year starting on Monday. This year marked a major turning point in world history, as World War II ended. Therefore, 1945 is often regarded as the beginning of modern times.

Era

27 years of the Republic of Korea 34 years of the Republic of China The 12th year of Kangdeok (康德) of Manchukuo Showa 20 years in Japan 20th year of Bao Dai, Nguyen Dynasty

Year

Manchukuo (滿洲國) 14th year of the Kangdeokje The 20th year of the Great Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty (阮朝)

event

January to June

January - The Japanese Government-General of Korea mobilizes female students to a military factory to patch and wash their uniforms, and instructs national students to collect pine branches, pine roots, and cotton roots January 25 - Germany's last major counter-offensive, the Battle of the Bulge, ends. February 9 - The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea declares war on Nazi Germany. February 13 - World War II: British and American air forces bomb Dresden, Saxony, Germany, killing tens of thousands of civilians. February 19 - World War II: US troops land on Iwo Jima. Battle of Iwo Jima begins March 10 - World War II: U.S. Air Force B-29 bombers conduct an air raid on Tokyo March 18 - With the proclamation of the decisive warfare educational measures for the Japanese imperialists, school classes other than elementary subjects in Korean national schools were suspended for one year from April 1, and all mobilized for increased food production, military production, and air defense. March 26 - World War II: U.S. forces occupy Iwo Jima Island, the only one during the Pacific War, inflicting more damage than Japanese troops. April 1 - World War II: US forces land on Okinawa. Battle of Okinawa begins. April 4 Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea acquires independent military action rights by signing new military agreement with China Japan announces introduction order to major cities in Joseon April 5 - May 20 - World War II: The Tessel Rebellion April 29th - Japanese colonial rule prohibits general passengers from boarding ferries April 30 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide. May 7 - Nazi Germany surrenders to Allied forces in World War II. May 9 - World War II: Nazi Germany surrenders to the Soviet Union (to the Western Allies on May 8). May 22 - The Japanese government promulgated wartime education ordinances, and student gangs were organized in all schools. June 8 - Establishment of a pro-Japanese group, Chosun Press Patriots Association June 16 - Japanese imperialism announced the organization outline of the Korean People's Volunteer Corps June 23 - World War II: Japanese forces end organized resistance against American forces in the Mabuni area south of the main island of Okinawa.

July to December

July - Korean Liberation Army's decision to recapture the country, general command Lee Beom-seok July 16 - Manhattan Project: US Trinity Experiment Successfully July 24 - At an event hosted by the Grand National Assembly in Gyeongseong Bumingwan, the Korean Patriotic Youth Corps installed and detonated a bomb. August 6 - World War II: The United States drops a nuclear bomb (Little Boy) on Hiroshima, Japan at 8:16 a.m. local time. A total of 14,000 people were killed. August 8 - World War II: The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria, and the North Korean invasion of Unggi begins. It was the only Pacific war in which Soviet troops fought on the Korean Peninsula. August 9 - World War II: The United States drops a nuclear bomb (Fat Man) on Nagasaki, Japan at 11:02 a.m. local time. More than 80,000 people were killed and more than 60,000 were bombed. August 10 World War II: Japan decides to surrender to Allied Powers at meeting of supreme war leaders President Kim Koo of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea signs a ROK-US military agreement with U.S. Army General Donovan in Xi'an, China August 12 The first liberation of the vanguard city of the Korean Peninsula by the Soviet Army's Strategic Offensive Operation in Manchuria. August 14 World War II: U.S. President Harry Truman accepts Japan's unconditional surrender Yeo Woon-hyung agrees to Abe's government transfer negotiations August 1