Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022

Article

May 29, 2022

Russia's invasion of Ukraine in 2022 Incidentally, it is part of the Russian-Ukraine War. After recognizing the Donetsk People's Republic and the Lugansk People's Republic as independent states, Russia deployed its troops to the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine on February 21, 2022. Three days later, on February 24, Russia launched an all-out invasion. Russian President Vladimir Putin has declared a military operation aimed at "demilitarizing Ukraine, protecting Russians in the Donbas region, deterring Ukraine from joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union and maintaining neutrality". Since then, missiles have been launched across Ukraine, including the Ukrainian capital Kiiu. Countries around the world condemned Russia and provided arms and humanitarian aid to Ukraine.

Background

Immediately after the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991, Ukraine and Russia maintained close relations, including joining the Commonwealth of Independent States. In 1994 Ukraine agreed to abolish nuclear weapons, and Russia, Great Britain and the United States signed the Budapest Security Memorandum, conditioned on issuing guarantees against the use of force or threats to Ukraine's territorial integrity or political independence. Five years later, in 1999, Russia signed the European Security Charter, reaffirming that each participant had the right to freely choose or change security agreements, including alliance treaties. Despite being recognized as an independent state since 1991, Putin and Russia The leadership still recognizes Ukraine as a country that exists not as an independent country but as a puppet state of Western countries, a former Soviet republic and a spiritual homeland of Russia that has been passed down from the Grand Duchy of Kiiu, a territory that Russia must recover from the Western countries. have been doing In 2008, Russian President Vladimir Putin opposed Ukraine's accession to NATO. In 2009, Romanian analyst Iulian Chipu and his co-authors published a report on the Brezhnev Policy with respect to Ukraine, which meant that Ukraine could not be more sovereign than its members of the Warsaw Pact before the collapse of the Soviet sphere of influence in the late 1980s and early 1990s. commented that Russia pursued the latest version of This view is based on the premise that Russia's actions to appease the West in the early 1990s should satisfy reciprocity with the West without expanding the NATO along Russia's borders. As part of Euromaidan for several weeks After protests continued, Ukraine's pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych and Ukraine's opposition leaders signed an agreement calling for early elections on February 21, 2014. The next day, Yanukovych left Kiiwu ahead of an impeachment vote that would strip him of his presidency. Russian-speaking Ukraine's eastern regional leaders have pledged allegiance to Yanukovych, which led to the pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine in 2014. After the conflict, Russia annexed Crimea in March 2014, and the Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic were established, pro-Russian quasi-states, and the Donbas War broke out. In response, Ukraine withdrew from the Commonwealth of Independent States. On September 14, 2020, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky