Kazakhstan protests in 2022

Article

January 27, 2022

The 2022 Kazakh protests (Kazakh: 2022 жылғы Қазақстандағы наразылық шаралары) began on January 2, after gas prices surged sharply due to high demand and price fixing, according to the Kazakh government. The protests started in the oil-producing city of Zanaozhen, but quickly spread to other cities across Kazakhstan, especially Almaty, the largest city, due to rising economic inequality and growing dissatisfaction among the Kazakh people towards the government. Violent dissatisfaction with the president also affected large-scale protests. Citizens seem to have gathered in Kazakhstan because there is no reputable opposition party against the Kazakh government. In response to this, President Kasimzomart Tokayev declared a state of emergency in Mangista Universe and Almaty from January 5, 2022. Mamin's cabinet resigned on the same day. The state of emergency soon spread across Kazakhstan. Russia at the request of Tokaev. The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), a military alliance of its allies including Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan, has agreed to deploy troops in Kazakhstan. The Collective Security Treaty Organization has declared that operations in Kazakhstan are aimed at maintaining peace. Kazakh police said "dozens of attackers have been eliminated," and former President Nazarbayev has been removed from his post as chairman of the Kazakhstan Security Council. He said he would recover in six months. Tokayev said in a statement on January 7 that "the constitutional order of the country has been greatly restored." Tokayev also ordered the use of lethal force on the Kazakh army and approved orders to kill any demonstrators without warning, calling the protesters "thieves and terrorists" and said the use of force would continue to "wipe out the demonstrators." . "

Background

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, wealthy people with ties to the former government of the Soviet Union received preferential treatment to gain wealth by securing and privatizing land in areas with valuable resources. Nursultan Nazarbayev became the first president of Kazakhstan after the breakup of the Soviet Union and ruled Kazakhstan from 1990 to 2019. During this period, international observers did not recognize any elections held in Kazakhstan as fair. As reported by The Telegraph, Nazarbayev ruled the country with authoritarianism and nepotism and imprisoned his enemies. During this period, Kazakhstan became the country with the most remarkable economic growth in Central Asia, with oil production accounting for a large proportion of economic growth until oil prices fell in the mid-2010s. Kazakhstan is also a resource-rich country with about 40% of the world's uranium resources within its territory. Despite this growth, the average individual's minimum wage in Kazakhstan was less than $100 a month, and economic inequality was so widespread that economic benefits were not shared across the population. In 2012, the World Economic Forum ranked corruption as the biggest problem in Kazakhstan, and the World Bank ranked Kazakhstan as a corruption hotspot on par with Angola, Bolivia, Kenya and Libya. In 2013, AftenPosten quoted human rights activist and lawyer Denis Jivaga as saying, "Kazakhstan has an oil fund, but how are those revenues being used?"

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