13 mei


May 19, 2022

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year (134th day in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by 232 days until the end of the year.


General 2000 - Fireworks disaster in Enschede, 23 dead and about 950 injured. 2008 - Fire destroys the Faculty of Architecture at Delft University of Technology. 2014 - At least 274 people are killed in a mining disaster in Soma, Turkey. 2015 - Chatting software Discord is released. Economy 1987 - The World Bank stops lending to Zambia because the African country no longer implements the International Monetary Fund's austerity program. War 1568 – Battle of Langside: The army of Mary I of Scotland, is defeated by the joint Protestant forces led by Jacobus Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother. 1779 – War of the Bavarian Succession ends with the Treaty of Teschen concluded between Austria and Prussia at Cieszyn. Austria got the Innviertel and renounced the rest of Bavaria. 1809 - Napoleon Bonaparte re-enters Vienna in the War of the Fifth Coalition. 1846 - The United States Congress declares war on Mexico. 1940 - Last cabinet meeting in the Netherlands before the government's departure to England, at Fort aan den Hoek van Holland. 1940 - The German conquest of France begins with the crossing of the Meuse by the German army. 1940 - Winston Churchill delivers his "Blood, toil, tears and sweat" speech in the English House of Commons. 1940 - Queen Wilhelmina flees the Netherlands to go to England because of the German invasion of the Netherlands. Princess Juliana takes her children to Canada for their safety. 2008 - A Hindu temple is attacked by Islamic terrorists. 63 killed and 216 injured. 2016 - Armed IS terrorists attack a cafe in Balad, a town north of Baghdad. At the time, the cafe was packed with Real Madrid CF fans. At least 28 people are killed and more than 45 people are injured. Music 1995 - In Dublin, Secret Garden wins the 40th Eurovision Song Contest on behalf of Norway with Nocturne. The Netherlands is not allowed to participate this time because of a too bad result in the previous year. Politics 1619 - Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is beheaded in The Hague by order of the States General. He was sentenced to death for treason and high treason. He himself believed that he was innocent and therefore did not request a clemency, because that would imply an implicit admission of guilt. 1787 - Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth harbor in England with 11 ships full of convicted criminals to establish a penal colony in Australia. 1830 - Ecuador becomes independent. 1888 - Brazil abolishes slavery. 1931 - Election of Paul Doumer as President of France. 1958 – United States Vice President Richard Nixon is nearly lynched by an angry mob in Caracas, Venezuela. 1989 - Large groups of students occupy Tiananmen Square in Beijing and begin a hunger strike. 1990 - Failed coup d'état in Madagascar, with the military retaking state radio studios from 11 insurgents. 1999 - Election of Carlo Azeglio Ciampi as the tenth President of Italy. 2011 - The UN Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 1981, extending UN peacekeeping forces in Côte d'Ivoire for two and a half months. 2015 - Major General Godefroid Niyombare of the Burundian army declares that President Pierre Nkurunziza has been impeached for running for an unconstitutional third term. 2016 - Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro declares a general state of emergency, threatens factory owners with arrest and announces large-scale military exercises. Religion 535 - The Roman Agapitus I is elected pope. 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates the Florentine Dominican and tyrant Girolamo Savonarola. 1572 - Election of Cardinal Ugo Boncompagni as Pope Gregory XIII. 1914 - Bissc