1952

Article

January 26, 2022

The year 1952 is a year according to the Christian era.

Events

January 1 - Jordan receives a new constitution based on ministerial responsibility. 14 - In the Netherlands, the distribution of coffee is abolished, which ends the rationing of food and other necessities because of the Second World War. 26 - Days after the British army attacked a police post in Cairo, killing 43, Egyptian civilians and police officers rise up against the British army. Thirty people were killed and hundreds injured on this "Black Saturday". Nahas Pasha's Wafd government watches and barely acts.February6 - George VI of the United Kingdom dies at Sandringham House. 7 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, queen since February 6, is sworn in. The coronation comes a year later. 15 - The 6th Winter Olympics are opened in Oslo by Princess Ragnhild. 18 - Greece and Turkey join NATO.March10 - In Cuba, General Fulgencio Batista returns to power after a coup d'état. 11 - Egyptian Wafd MPs refuse to cooperate with the new government of Hilali Pasha. Because they have a majority in parliament, this will be dissolved by King Farouk. 14 - In Qumran, south of Jericho, a third cave with Dead Sea Scrolls is found. 16 - The Isère dam near the village of Tignes is put into operation. The residents are being evicted to start over elsewhere with government help. 21 - In the Netherlands, the last death sentences are carried out that have been pronounced in the special procedure. The Dutch SS man Andries Pieters and the German SD Artur Albrecht are shot dead by firing squad on the Waalsdorpervlakte. This brings the total of executed people to forty.April8-15 - Supported by the national police, miners and students, a coup d'état takes place in Bolivia. After three days of bloody fighting, which claimed thousands of victims, General Ballivian's military junta is overthrown. On April 15, Víctor Paz Estenssoro will be named president. 15 - First test flight of the American B-52 bomber. 25 - In Germany the new state of Baden-Württemberg is founded. 28 - Entry into force of the San Francisco Peace Treaty; Japan regains its sovereignty.May7 - Geoffrey Dummer publishes the first integrated circuit concept. 21 - The Amsterdam-Rhine Canal is opened. 31 - The fairytale forest De Efteling in Kaatsheuvel is opened.June10 - In Belgium, the Safety Act comes into effect. This law contains regulations concerning health and safety of employees, as well as regulations concerning the hygiene of the workplace and the workplaces. 21 - The ARRA I, the first computer built in the Netherlands, is officially put into operation. 22 - One hundred years after his death, the remains of Louis Braille, the inventor of writing for the blind, are interred in the Panthéon in Paris.July2 - The miniature city of Madurodam is opened in The Hague. Princess Beatrix becomes the first mayor. 23 - In Egypt, the Committee of Free Officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser takes power from the government of Hilali Pasha. King Faruk is deposed. 23 - The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) is established. 25 - Puerto Rico becomes a free state connected to the United States of America. 26 - Nasser and his followers put General Naguib forward as prime minister and regent. At the Olympic Games in Helsinki, Emil Zátopek won gold for Czechoslovakia in the 5000m, 10,000m and marathon. Final closure of the Braakman, an inlet of the Western Scheldt in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.augustus2 - In the Netherlands, the television image will be black until August 18 due to holidays. 17 - The first Formula I Grand Prix

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