June 22

Article

July 5, 2022

June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th day in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by 192 days until the end of the year.

Events

General 109 - The Baths of Trajan by architect Apollodorus of Damascus are opened, the thermae are built on the ruins of the Domus Aurea (Golden House) of Nero on the Esquiline Hill. 1954 - The Parker-Hulme Case: In Christchurch, New Zealand, a murder occurs on this day that was world news for the time: two teenage girls, Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme, murder the mother of one of them because they destroy their friendship. stands in the way (subject of the 1994 film Heavenly Creatures). They get 5 years in prison. 1962 - An Air France Boeing 707 crashes in Guadeloupe due to inclement weather; 113 people die. 1989 - A Peruvian Air Force plane crashes in the Andes, killing all 59 on board. 1990 - Checkpoint Charlie border post in Berlin is closed after 29 years. 2002 – A 6.5 earthquake on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people in western Iran. 2009 - At least 7 people are killed in a collision of two Washington subway trains. 2012 - A Turkish Air Force plane is shot down over Syrian waters. 2022 - An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale in Afghanistan's Paktika province kills at least 1,000 people and injures at least 1,500. Economy 1992 - Cambodia receives $880 million in foreign aid to rebuild the country; that's $280 million more than the amount requested by the United Nations. Art and culture 1634 Rembrandt van Rijn marries Saskia van Uylenburgh. Media 1983 - Journalist José Toirkens of NRC Handelsblad receives the Anne Vondeling Prize 1982 from the leader of the PvdA in the House of Representatives, Joop den Uyl. War 168 BC. - Battle of Pydna: The Roman army under Lucius Aemilius Paulus defeats Perseus of Macedonia and captures him. This is the end of the Third Macedonian War. 1593 - In the Battle of Sisak, Slovenian-Croatian forces defeat the Turks. 1812 - Napoleon declares war on Russia. 1815 - Napoleon is forced to abdicate for the second time. 1898 – Spanish–American War: United States Marines land in Cuba. 1940 - France is forced to sign an armistice with Nazi Germany. 1941 – Nazi Germany begins Operation Barbarossa, the largest military enterprise in history, against the Soviet Union. 1989 – The two biggest ruffs in the Angolan Civil War, President José Eduardo dos Santos and UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi, shake hands during peace talks in Gbadolite, Zaire and agree to a ceasefire. It is the first time since 1975 that the two have spoken to each other. 2017 - At least 34 people are killed in a suicide car attack in Lashkar Gah, the capital of the Afghan province of Helmand. Politics 1527 - Official founding date of the city of Jakarta. 1976 - Canada's House of Commons abolishes the death penalty. 1991 - The government of Mozambique arrests a number of civilians and military officers for allegedly planning a coup against President Joaquim Chissano. Religion 431 Council of Ephesus: Emperor Theodosius II convenes the Ecclesiastical Council (Third Ecumenical Council) in Ephesus. 1218 - Creation of the Diocese of Seckau in Styria (Austria). 1622 - Founding of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (the Propaganda Fide) by Pope Gregory XV. 1901 - Approval of the Congregation of the Sons of the Holy Family by Pope Leo XIII. 1929 - St. John's Cathedral in 's-Hertogenbosch is given the honorary title of basilica. 1932 - Catalina Tomàs is canonized by Pope Pius XI. 2004 - The Frauenkirche in Dresden has been restored on the exterior after 50 years from the bombing in the Tw