27 april


May 17, 2022

April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th day in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by 248 days until the end of the year. Since 2014, this day has been King's Day in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.


General 395 - Emperor Arcadius marries Aelia Eudoxia, daughter of the Frankish general Bauto. 1961 - Closure of the Veerse Gat by the Veerse Gatdam as part of the Delta Works. 1973 - The first nudist beach for the Netherlands is legalized at Callantsoog. 1978 - Manneken Pis is recovered, having been stolen the day before. War 1941 - Creation of the Slovenian Liberation Front in Ljubljana. 1960 - The Dutch government decides to send troops to Dutch New Guinea. 1993 - The United Nations Security Council denounces the shelling by the Angolan opposition movement UNITA of a World Food Organization aircraft as an "outrageous, hostile act". Politics 1904 Chris Watson becomes Prime Minister of Australia. He is the world's first Social Democratic Prime Minister. 1921 - At the municipal elections in the municipality of Amsterdam, the vagabond Had-je-me-maar and the ex-anarchist Bertus Zuurbier are elected on behalf of the Rapaille Party. 1960 - Togo becomes an independent republic with Sylvanus Olympio as its first president and prime minister. 1961 - Sierra Leone gains independence after more than 150 years of British rule. 1968 - Creation of the Radicals Political Party, known simply as PPR. 1993 - The people of Eritrea overwhelmingly (99 percent) agree to independence from the country and thus a break with Ethiopia. 1994 - After the end of apartheid, the ten so-called home countries are reunited with South Africa. 2012 - Romania's cornered government is overthrown by severe austerity measures and accusations of favoritism and corruption. 2018 - South and North Korea leaders Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong-un meet in the demilitarized zone and say they are pushing for a peace treaty. Religion 1947 – Maria Goretti (1890-1902), an Italian girl murdered by her assailant, is beatified in Rome by Pope Pius XII. 2014 - In the presence of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, Pope Francis canonizes Popes John XXIII and John Paul II. Sport 1945 - The Romanian football club Politehnica Iaşi is founded. 1962 - Luis Nicolao breaks his own three-day-old world record in the 100-meter butterfly in Rio de Janeiro by 1.7 seconds to 57.0. 1983 - The Dutch national football team loses 3-0 against Sweden in Utrecht. Three players make their debut for the Orange squad in the friendly game: Wim Hofkens (Anderlecht), and the brothers Erwin and Ronald Koeman (FC Groningen). 1985 - Gerrie Knetemann wins the 20th edition of the Netherlands' only cycling classic, the Amstel Gold Race. 1991 - Frans Maassen wins the 26th edition of the Amstel Gold Race. 1993 - A plane carrying the Zambia national football team crashes over Gabon. 1994 - Cyclist Graeme Obree improves Chris Boardman's nearly one-year-old world hour record (52.270 kilometers) in Bordeaux to reach 52.713 kilometers. 1996 - Stefano Zanini wins the 31st edition of the Amstel Gold Race. 2008 - Feyenoord wins the 90th edition of the KNVB Cup at the expense of Roda JC. 2010 - Footballer Mark de Vries van Cambuur Leeuwarden wins the Golden Bull as the best player in the Dutch Jupiler League in the 2009/10 season. Science and technology 1880 - Clarke and Foster patent the first electric hearing aid. 1899 - William Middlebrook invents the paperclip (first patent application for paperclip machine). 1961 - NASA launches Explorer 11, a satellite that contains a telescope for observing gamma rays. 2005 - The largest passenger aircraft, the Airbus A380, makes its maiden flight.


1574 - Philip Rubens, Flemish archaeologist