July 31 is the 212th day of the year (213th day in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by another 153 days until the end of the year.
1498 - Christopher Columbus discovers the islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
2009 - An environmental disaster threatens in the Norwegian part of the Skagerrak as a result of the stranded Chinese Handysize bulk carrier Full City.
2016 - At least five tourists, including three Belgians, are killed in a jeep accident in Bolivia. The jeep was on its way to the Salar de Uyuni, the largest salt flat in the world, for a multi-day expedition.
1958 - Abolition of tolls in the Waaslandtunnel under the Scheldt in Antwerp.
1978 - In Flanders, the last regional trams are discontinued: Brussels - Wemmel, Brussels - Koningslo and Brussels - Grimbergen.
1962 - At 11:59 p.m., offshore radio station Radio Mercur stops its official programs as the Scandinavian countries allow the anti-sea transmitter law to come into effect the following day.
1968 - The first episode of the Dad's Army comedy series airs on the BBC.
2003 - The last performance of Bassie and Adriaan takes place in Avonturenpark Hellendoorn. A few days before, it is announced that "acrobat" Aad van Toor has been diagnosed with cancer. As a result, the planned farewell tour had to be interrupted. Only later did it become clear that this was the very last performance.
2021 - Joost Prinsen stops after four years with his popular column Joost mag 't Kennis in the Algemeen Dagblad, in which he answered reader questions about problems with dealing with others.
1667 - The Treaty of Breda is concluded, ending the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1830 - King Charles X of France is forced to abdicate and flees abroad.
1959 - Creation of the terrorist organization 'Euskadi Ta Askatasuna', better known as ETA or Basque Secession Movement
1972 - IRA bombing in Claudy, Northern Ireland. Three bombs explode, killing nine people.
1990 - The Gemeentekrediet is designated by the Flemish government as the cashier of the Flemish Community. From January 1, 1991, the bank will manage some 407 billion francs.
1991 Togo's military leader, General Étienne Eyadéma, personally lent a hand in torturing political prisoners, say delegates at the national conference on the political future of the West African country.
1991 – Opposition leaders in Madagascar reject President Didier Ratsiraka's proposal to serve in a coalition government.
2017 – The United States imposes sanctions on Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.
1983 - At Disneyland Park in Anaheim, the attraction Casey Jr. Circus Train opened.
1918 - Establishment of AZC Zutphen, a Dutch amateur football club from Zutphen.
1954 - The summit of K2 in the Himalayas is reached for the first time.
1967 - Mark Spitz breaks Luis Nicolao's world record in the 100-meter butterfly in Winnipeg by seventeenth of a second to 56.3.
1980 - With a throw of 81.80 meters, Soviet athlete Yuri Sedych not only breaks his colleague Sergei Litvinov's world record in hammer throw (81.66 meters), he also takes the Olympic title.
1992 - Kieren Perkins breaks his own world record in the 1500m freestyle at the Olympic Games in Barcelona to 14.43.48. The old record (14.48.40) had been in the name of the Australian swimmer since April 5.
2004 - Opening of the Kombank Arena in the Serbian capital Belgrade.
2014 - Kiribati weightlifter David Katoatau wins a gold medal at the Commonwealth Games. He is the first athlete to win gold on behalf of Kiribati at a major sporting event.
2019 - John van 't Schip has been named Greece national coach.
2021 - Dick Advocaat has been reappointed as national coach, this time