3 augustus


August 19, 2022

August 3 is the 215th day of the year (216th in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by another 150 days until the end of the year.


General 1492 - Columbus sets sail with three ships to find the Indies along the western route. 1720 - Fire in the Louvre: André-Charles Boulle's workshop goes up in flames. 1993 - The Peruvian Congress decides that the death penalty may be applied to suspects of terrorist activities. 2014 - A massive earthquake in China's Yunnan province killed at least 175. 2015 - In Alphen aan den Rijn, two construction cranes with a bridge section fall over on four houses, a cafe and two shops, a dog is killed and one is slightly injured. 2019 - In El Paso, a white 21-year-old man shoots 20 random people in a shopping center. The following night, a 24-year-old white man in Dayton kills 9 people, including his sister. The assailant himself also died during his flight. War 881 – Battle of Saucourt: The Frankish army led by King Louis III defeats the Danish Vikings infesting Flanders at Abbeville. 1692 - During the Nine Years' War there is a battle near Steenkerke in Hainaut. The French army defeats the Allied forces. 1914 - Germany declares war on France and asks neutral Belgium for passage (Von Schlieffen Plan). Belgium refuses. 1914 - (Italy) - The government in Rome declares itself neutral and refuses to enter the war on the side of the other partners in the Triple Alliance, Germany and Austria-Hungary. Politics 2012 - Belarus has expelled Sweden's ambassador for his support of the democratic movement, Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt reported. 2016 - President Jacob Zuma's ANC is hit hard in South Africa's local elections. Among other things, the party loses power in the metropolis of Tshwane, of which the administrative capital Pretoria forms the heart. Religion 435 – Emperor Theodosius II banishes Nestorius of Constantinople to a monastery in one of the Western Oases of Egypt. 1134 - Berne Abbey is founded by the abbot of the Norbertine abbey of Mariënweerd and Andries van Cuijk, bishop of Utrecht. 1789 - Pope Pius VI creates one new cardinal. Sport 1947 - Theo Middelkamp becomes the first Dutch road cycling world champion in Reims. 1978 - Opening of the Eleventh Commonwealth Games in Edmonton with the participation of 1474 athletes from 46 countries. 1981 - John McEnroe relieves Swede Björn Borg for the fourth time as number one in the world ranking of tennis professionals. The American will hold out for 58 weeks this time. 1992 - Dutch athlete Ellen van Langen wins gold in the 800m at the Olympic Games in Barcelona. 1994 - PSV Eindhoven signs 17-year-old footballer Ronaldo. He costs the club from Eindhoven 10.8 million guilders. 2008 - Englishman Craig Jones crashes during the Supersport Motor Race at Brands Hatch in London, he dies that same night. 2011 - After 21 years, Dutch goalkeeper Edwin van der Sar bids farewell to professional football during a farewell match in the Amsterdam ArenA. 2013 - Achilles '29 is the first amateur football club to make its professional football debut in the match against FC Emmen. The match ends in 2-2. 2014 - KNVB Cup winner PEC Zwolle beats national champion AFC Ajax 1-0 in Amsterdam to win the Johan Cruijff Scale for the first time. Science and technology 1596 - German astronomer David Fabricius observes light variations in the star Mira. 1858 - First cable telegrams between America and Europe. 1958 - The American nuclear submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first to pass under the Arctic ice. 2004 - Launch of the MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging) spacecraft with