October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in a leap year) in the Gregorian calendar. This is followed by 83 days until the end of the year.
1677 - Gustavus Adolphus van Nassau-Saarbrücken is succeeded by his son Lodewijk Crato.
1771 - Vrouw Maria, a Dutch sailing ship en route from Amsterdam to Saint Petersburg, is wrecked in the Baltic Sea.
1953 - Opening of the Lijnbaan in Rotterdam, the first car-free shopping street in the Netherlands.
1963 - A rock slide on Italy's mountain Monte Toc plunges a large amount of rock into a reservoir, causing a large tidal wave to completely destroy the northern Italian village of Longarone. About 2,000 people are killed.
1992 - A meteorite pierces a parked car in Peekskill, New York.
2016 - Whistleblower website WikiLeaks publishes leaked emails from Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton revealing that she gave dearly-paid speeches to several banks during her tenure, praising US investment bankers Goldman Sachs and Wall Street insiders.
2016 - In the United States, a wrong-way driver kills five teenagers in a stolen police car.
2017 - The police arrest a suspect in connection with the disappearance of 25-year-old Anne Faber. It concerns a 27-year-old man who stayed in a forensic psychiatric ward of a clinic in Den Dolder.
2019 - Two people are killed in an attack on a synagogue and a nearby doner kebab shop in Halle, Germany. The perpetrator is a 27-year-old man with suspected neo-Nazi sympathies.
2021 - At least 29 people are killed in the Russian region of Orenburg after drinking illegally distilled alcoholic beverages. Art and culture
1891 – The premiere of Czech composer Antonín Dvořák's requiem takes place in Birmingham, United Kingdom.
1986 - The musical "The Phantom of the Opera" premieres at Her Majesty's Theater in London.
1990 - The Gouden Griffel goes to Els Pelgrom for the book "The acorn eaters".
2013 - A group of Belgian and Bolivian archaeologists has discovered a large art treasure at the bottom of Lake Titicaca in Bolivia.
2021 - In the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow, a 37-year-old actor is killed when a set piece falls on him during an opera performance when the scenery changes. Media
1967 - The first nude on Dutch television: Phil Bloom poses naked in the VPRO program Hoepla.
2013 - The 2500th issue of the weekly magazine Voetbal International is published. War
1854 - Beginning of the Siege of Sevastopol
1914 - In Belgium, Antwerp falls into German hands.
1939 - The first 22 Jewish refugees arrive at Camp Westerbork.
1944 - WW2: Thousands of boys and men are arrested during church raids in North Limburg.
2015 - France carries out airstrikes on an IS terror group training camp in Syria.
2015 - The United States stops training Syrian rebels.
2015 - Israeli soldiers kill six Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The military opened fire from the Israeli border after a group of Palestinian protesters threw stones at them.
2016 - In Myanmar, Rohingya rebels kill nine police officers.
2019 - Turkish army invades northeastern Syria: Turkish President Erdoğan begins a military offensive against the YPG in Rojava called "Operation Peace Spring". Politics
1934 - Assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia in Marseille during a state visit to France. French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou was also killed in the attack.
1962 - Uganda becomes a republic.
1968 – Rebel leader Pierre Mulele is publicly tortured and executed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
1991 - The transitional government of Togo asks for military help from friendly foreign powers to subdue the mutinous military, who have tried in vain.