Carl Friedrich Benz, born Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant (November 25, 1844 – April 4, 1929) was a German inventor and engineer.
Benz started his company Benz & Co. in 1883 in Mannheim to produce industrial machines. There he developed several two-stroke engines. He was working on a railcar with a four-stroke engine. It became a water-cooled engine on a three-wheeler base with one cylinder. The car was first driven in 1885. He drove the vehicle through Mannheim in the summer of 1886. His wife Bertha Benz would make the first long-distance automobile journey from Mannheim to Pforzheim on August 5, 1888. On January 29, 1886, he received a patent for his invention, and in June he introduced the first gasoline-powered vehicle.
The first petrol engine
Benz made the world's first automobile in 1885. Benz's three-wheeled car was called Benz Patent Motorwagen. The car was powered by its self-developed and built combustion engine. The car had a maximum speed of 15 km/h and was equipped with a differential gearbox.
Technical data of this Benz Patent Motorwagen:
water-cooled, horizontal cylinder
0.9 hp at 400 rpm
313 kg carrying weight Carl Benz died in 1929. His name still lives on in the current car brand Mercedes-Benz. He was one of the first to be inducted into the European Automotive Hall of Fame in 2000. He has also written an autobiography.
Benz and petrol
Even in Germany it is said that the name gasoline is derived from the name Benz, but in reality there is no etymological connection. The gasoline already existed under that name before Benz invented the car. He inherited the surname of Carl Benz from his father. Initially he took his mother's surname Vaillant, and when his parents married, he took the name of father Benz.
Benz & Sohne
In 1905, Benz had a disagreement with his shareholders and left. Together with one son, he founded Benz & Söhne, later his other son joined. Carl later left the company, but the brand was continued by his sons. Later this company became a supplier for Mercedes-Benz.
Daimler and Benz Foundation
Auto Museum Dr. Carl Benz, Ladenburg