Fidel Ramos

Article

August 13, 2022

Fidel "Eddie" Valdez Ramos (March 18, 1928 – July 31, 2022) was President of the Republic of the Philippines. During his reign from 1992 to 1998, the Philippines experienced a long period of economic growth and reconstruction, which was interrupted at the end of 1997 by the financial crisis in Southeast Asia.

Early life course and education

Fidel Ramos was born on March 18, 1928 in Lingayen (Pangasinan). His parents were Narciso Rueca Ramos and Angela Marcos Valdez. Narciso Ramos was a lawyer and journalist who served five terms as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives. He also served as foreign minister during the first term of President Ferdinand Marcos from 1965 to 1968. Angela Valdez worked as a public school teacher and assistant professor. Fidel Ramos has two more sisters: Leticia Ramos-Shahani, a member of the Philippine Senate from 1987 to 1998, and Gloria Ramos de Rodda, a diplomat. Ramos attended primary school in Lingayen, followed by secondary education at the University of the Philippines Integrated School and the Centro Escolar University Integrated School. Several months after graduating from National University in Manila, he began his military education at the Philippine Military Academy. A grant from the Philippine government enabled him to study at the prestigious West Point in New York. In 1950 Ramos graduated with a Bachelor of Science. A year later, he also obtained his master's degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Illinois. In 1953, with a top ten result, he passed the bar exam for civil engineering in the Philippines. After this he followed various training courses in the military field, where he always excelled.

Military career

During the Korean War he fought as a second lieutenant on the side of the Americans and in the Vietnam War he commanded a Philippine army unit. Ramos served in various positions under the regime of his great-nephew Ferdinand Marcos. He held various military positions, was chief of the Philippine National Police for 16 years and was also personal military tactical adviser to the president.

Role in EDSA revolution

After Marcos fraudulently won the 1986 elections, Ramos, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and part of the military sided with opposition candidate Corazon Aquino. This was the beginning of the so-called EDSA revolution. A call from Cardinal Sin mobilized a huge crowd that stood like a human shield between the rebellious soldiers. More and more soldiers sided with the insurgents and the crowd of civilians grew. In the end, the situation for Marcos proved untenable and under pressure, and with help from the US government, Marcos was flown to Hawaii with his family and a few close friends.

Commander of the Philippine Armed Forces and Secretary of Defense

After Marcos fled the country, Aquino was installed as president of the Philippines. Immediately after taking office, Aquino appointed Lieutenant General Ramos as Commander of the Philippine Armed Forces. In January 1988, Ramos was finally appointed defense minister. Ramos was instrumental in the stability of democracy in the country during this period and foiled seven coup attempts against President Aquino. In December 1991, he ran for president. Aquino, who was not eligible for re-election due to the new constitution of 1987, expressed support for his candidacy after initial hesitation.

Presidency

Fidel Ramos won the relatively peaceful 1992 presidential election, despite his opponents pointing to his past supporting the Marcos regime. However, his win was based on