Gelderland (pronunciation (info / explanation); Low Saxon: Gelderlaand) is the largest province of the Netherlands. The province is located in the middle and east of the Netherlands and is bordered in the northeast by Overijssel, in the east by the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the south by Limburg and North Brabant, in the extreme southwest by South Holland, in the west by the province of Utrecht and in the northwest by the province of Flevoland, separated by the Veluwerandmeren.
The capital of Gelderland is Arnhem. The city with the most inhabitants is Nijmegen and Apeldoorn is the largest municipality in terms of surface area.
Between 1339 and 1795, the province belonged to the Duchy of Gelre, officially "Duchy of Gelre and County of Zutphen". In the present-day Netherlands, the historic duchy encompassed the whole of Gelderland and North Limburg. It also extended over a small part of the present-day federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Gelre was divided into four quarters, together they formed the States of the Quarter.
Gelderland is, by land area, the largest province in the Netherlands. Friesland is the largest province in terms of total surface area, including water surface. The province has 51 municipalities. Nijmegen, Apeldoorn and Arnhem are the largest cities. Gelderland has various regions, including the Veluwe, the Gelderse Vallei, the Betuwe, the Bommelerwaard, the Tielerwaard, the Land van Maas en Waal, the Rijk van Nijmegen, the Liemers and the Achterhoek. The Arnhem Nijmegen Region is one of the larger urban areas of the Netherlands.
Gelderland is bisected by the Rhine with its branches Waal and IJssel. The Maas forms the border with North Brabant. The highest point of Gelderland is the Signal Imbosch (109.9 m) on the Veluwe.
Since 1 April 2013, there has been one district of Gelderland with four seats: Arnhem, Nijmegen, Zutphen and Apeldoorn. Before 1 January 2013, Gelderland had two districts: the Arnhem district and the Zutphen district. Between 1 January and 1 April 2013, Gelderland was part of the Eastern Netherlands District.
Below is an overview of the largest (by number of inhabitants) Gelderland municipalities as at 31 January 2022 (source: CBS). The last columns show the growth per municipality.
Below is an overview of the largest (by surface area) Gelderland municipalities
Below is an overview of the largest (by number of inhabitants) Gelderland places as of 1 January 2021.
In the period 2019-2023, Gelderland will be governed by a coalition of VVD, CDA, GroenLinks, PvdA and ChristenUnie. John Berends has been Commissioner of the King since 6 February 2019.
There are many museums, such as the Netherlands Open Air Museum and Museum of Modern Art in Arnhem, Museum Het Valkhof in Nijmegen, Paleis Het Loo in Apeldoorn and the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo. Some cities also have a large theater such as the Musis Sacrum in Arnhem, Concertgebouw de Vereeniging in Nijmegen and Orpheus in Apeldoorn. The Veluwsche Stoomtrein Maatschappij is also located in Gelderland between Dieren, Beekbergen and Loenen.
The pop venues known to a larger audience are Luxor Live and Doornroosje, the GelreDome in Arnhem offers concerts by major artists. The municipalities of Renkum and Overbetuwe annually receive tourists who visit the region because of the Battle of Arnhem. The historical locations are often visited, such as the John Frost Bridge, Ginkelse Heide and the Airborne War Cemetery in Oosterbeek.
The Gelderse anthem was written by C.J.C. Geerlings in 1941.
Events are held in many (large) places. Also in the smaller towns and villages there are often fairs, fairs, music and sporting events or other annual events. The most visited events in Gelder