October 17, 2021
Industrialization is the process of changes in the production process through mechanization and the subsequent changes in the organization of production, such as the introduction of the factory system. It therefore concerns not only technological, but also social changes. As a result, a society's economy becomes increasingly dependent on industrial production rather than the yields of agriculture and cottage industries. In a period of industrialization, work, traditionally done mainly with the muscle power of humans and animals, is increasingly performed by machines. The first industrial areas formed in the second half of the eighteenth century in Great Britain and not much later in Belgium. The machines were initially still powered by water power, but later mainly by steam. This development was favored by the presence of coal and iron ore. The Netherlands remained primarily a trading and agricultural nation for a long time, although from the late Middle Ages a modest form of industrialization took place with the help of wind power. However, the industrial revolution did not get under way until about 1860. In many countries outside Europe, North America and Japan, industrialization did not develop until the second half of the twentieth century.