International Standard Name Identifier
August 13, 2022
An International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) is a unique and open identifier for the public names of creators of creative works. Every pseudonym, organization and persona has its own identification number. An ISNI consists of 16 numerical digits divided into four blocks and is part of a family of international standard identifiers. The ISNI organization is divided into 2 parts: The Registration Authority (RA), operated by the ISNI International Authority (ISNI-IA) The registration agencies (RAG), for the ISNI service to the users. An ISNI as an open standard can act as a bridge identification between 2 parties. Since November 2011, the ISNI database has been freely accessible and can be queried via the SRU standard on this interface (API) of OCLC in the Netherlands: ISNI database API, the answers come back in the form of an XML file. An ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is also an ISNI, from a reserved range, especially for scientific researchers. ORCIDs are managed by a different organization and are ISNI compliant. ISNI identifier is similar to the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF), but is much more comprehensive. ISNI has been established by ISO to standard ISO 27729:2012.