Kentucky

Article

August 19, 2022

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state of the United States. The capital is Frankfurt. A nickname for this state is the "Bluegrass State".

History

The area now known as Kentucky was originally settled by Native American tribes. The name is derived from the Indian Ken-tah-teh, which means "land of tomorrow". The Iroquois ceded what is now Kentucky and West Virginia to the British in the 1768 Peace Treaty of Fort Stanwix, although the tribes living there (Shawnees, Delawares, and Cherokees) were not represented. In return they received numerous gifts and over 10,000 pounds. For the time being, the area was part of the state of Virginia. Ten constitutional assemblies were held in Danville between 1784 and 1792. In 1790, Virginia and Kentucky reached an agreement, after which the state formally became a state of the United States on June 1, 1792, as the 15th state. It was a frontier state then. On May 20, 1861, Kentucky declared itself neutral in the conflict that would become the American Civil War, but in September of the same year, following a Confederate invasion, it explicitly sided with the Union. Kentucky is one of four states that calls itself a Commonwealth, which is legally the same as a state.

Geography

The state of Kentucky covers 104,749 km², of which 102,989 km² is land. The west of the state is in the Central time zone, the east in the Eastern time zone. Kentucky is bordered to the north by the states of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio, to the west by Missouri, to the east by West Virginia and Virginia and to the south by Tennessee. Kentucky has a small exclave, the Kentucky Bend, which is completely enclosed by Missouri and Tennessee. The major rivers are the Ohio, which forms the entire northern border, and the Mississippi, which forms almost exactly the western border. Kentucky has many larger and smaller lakes, such as Kentucky Lake, Lake Barkley and Lake Cumberland. The south of the state is the most hilly, with the top of Black Mountain (1262 m) being the highest point. Kentucky is also known for its many caves. The best known is the very large Mammoth Cave.

Demographics and Economics

In 2000 Kentucky had 4,041,769 inhabitants (39 per km²). The largest cities are Louisville, Lexington and Owensboro. The gross product of the state in 2001 was $120 billion.

Administrative division

Kentucky is divided into 120 counties.

Politics

The executive branch of the state is headed by a governor, who is directly elected by the voters in the state. Since December 2019, this has been Andy Beshear of the Democratic Party, who took office after his victory in that year's gubernatorial election. He is a son of Steve Beshear, who also served as governor of Kentucky from 2007 to 2015. The current Lieutenant Governor is Jacqueline Coleman. The legislature consists of the Kentucky House of Representatives (Kentucky House of Representatives) with 100 members and the Kentucky Senate (Kentucky Senate) with 38 members.

External links

(en) Official website of the State of Kentucky