Kunduz, pronounced and also written Kunduz, Persian: قندوز, in transliteration Kundûz, Qonduz, Qondûz, Konduz, Kondûz, Kondoz or Qhunduz, is a city in northeastern Afghanistan. It is the capital of Kunduz Province. It is not far south of the Tajikistan border.
The population consists of Tajiks and Uzbeks, with minorities of Aimaken, Pathans and Hazaras. Silk and textiles are made in the city.
In response to the 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, a coalition of Western countries attacked the Taliban regime. The regime was accused of harboring al-Qaeda that claimed responsibility for the attacks and refusing to extradite Al-Qaeda's leaders. The Taliban were driven out of cities in Afghanistan and areas and towns came under the administration of NATO countries. Until 2013, the German Bundeswehr was responsible for peace in Kunduz. Then Kunduz came under the administration of the government of Afghanistan.
The Taliban recaptured the city on September 28, 2015. America's air forces helped the Afghan government army recapture the city. In one of these attacks, targeting a hospital, 14 MSF employees were killed. On August 8, 2021, after the withdrawal of the US military, Kunduz was recaptured by the Taliban.