Shroud of Turin

Article

January 26, 2022

The Shroud of Turin is an ancient relic of Catholicism. It is a linen cloth on which there is vaguely the image of a man with visible injuries to the hand, as they might have occurred in a crucifixion, as well as injuries to the back, head and knees, which can be interpreted as the consequences of a scourging, the crown of thorns and repeated falling. According to some Christians, the shroud is the cloth in which Jesus was wrapped and buried after he died on the cross. The first reports of the existence of the Shroud of Turin date from the mid-14th century. From the beginning, the Catholic Church allowed the veneration of the shroud as an artistic representation of Jesus; however, the Catholic Church has never recognized them as an authentic relic. The shroud is kept in the Duomo in Turin. The relic is exhibited only in exceptional cases. Most scientists consider the shroud a clever forgery from the late Middle Ages. This view is supported by a carbon-14 dating of the cloth, dating to about 1260 and 1390. The research that led to this conclusion was carried out independently of each other by three research institutes. This result corresponds to the first verifiable written mention of the shroud. Other researchers argue against this, arguing that medieval artists did not have the knowledge and technology to create such a forgery. According to some, the carbon-14 dating has dated fibers that were later sewn to the shroud. In 2013, a publication appeared in which Italian scientists claimed that the original part of the Shroud of Turin dating from the period between 280 BC. and 220 AD. stems.

Description

The Shroud of Turin is 4.36 meters by 1.10 meters. The shroud shows a picture or painting of the front and back of a naked man, with his hands crossed over his crotch. The man is muscular, has a beard and mustache and long hair. He has a length of at least 1.75 meters. Taking into account that the body may have been slightly bent (certain anatomical details would indicate this), the man may have been more than 2 meters tall. Judging by some spots on the shroud, which appear to be bloodstains, the man's body shows several wounds: The face The top of his head; the skull (at least) one wrist. This wound appears to have been caused by a puncture. The other wrist is not visible because it is located between the upper wrist and the body. The feet. This wound also appears to have been caused by a puncture. The side. This wound appears to have been caused by a puncture. The chest, back, arms and legs. These wounds seem to have been caused by flogging. At (at least) 1.75 meters, the man is tall for someone who would have lived in the 1st century AD, but also for someone who lived in the (late) Middle Ages.

History of the Shroud

The history of the Shroud is controversial and multi-colored.

6th century

In the 1930s, the French researcher Paul Vignon observed about twenty different facial features, the so-called “Vignon markings”, in many new depictions of Christ in the 6th century. They were attributed to a mysterious oriental icon, the image of Edessa, a cloth on which the face of Jesus is said to be visible. Notably, British historian Ian Wilson suggested that the Shroud of Turin may be the same robe as the robe of Edessa.

10th century

On August 15, 944, the Cloth of Edessa was transferred from Edessa to Constantinople, present-day Istanbul. Edessa had been in the hands of the Arabs since 639, and the Robe of Edessa was exchanged by Christian Constantinople for Muslim ones.

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