Ohio (state)


July 5, 2022

Ohio (OH) is one of the states of the United States in the Midwestern United States with its capital Columbus. It is the 34th state in the United States by area and the seventh largest by population (almost 11.5 million). and the ninth by population density. Ohio is known as the Buckeye State (referring to the 'slippery pavia' or Ohio Buckeye Tree), which is why the people of Ohio are also called Buckeyes. Other nicknames are The heart of it all, Birthplace aviation (because the Wright Brothers started in this state) and The mother of modern presidents. Ohio is experiencing a negative net migration rate and rising unemployment.


The English name 'Ohio' comes from the Iroquois word ohi-yo, meaning 'great stream'. What now forms the state of Ohio was originally to the east of the Northwest Territory, which formed the area between Pennsylvania to the east, the Ohio River to the south, the Mississippi to the west, and the Great Lakes to the north. Ohio joined the American Union as the 17th state (and the first under the Northwestern Ordinance) on March 1, 1803. In 1835, Ohio and Michigan clashed over ownership of a piece of land known as the Toledo Strip. The first known outbreak of swine fever in the world occurred around 1830 in Ohio. Ohio belonged to the Union during the American Civil War. In 1832, the Ohio and Erie Canal was opened, connecting the Ohio River and Lake Erie. This combined with the raw materials extracted in the state led to strong industrialization in the state, especially in Cleveland and Akron. Over time, this would lead to severe environmental pollution of the rivers and Lake Erie. In 1969, oil residues on the Cuyahoga caught fire. This had happened before and even bigger but this time it was televised and this fire was one of the reasons the Clean Water Act was passed in 1972.


The state of Ohio covers 116,090 km², of which 106,154 km² is land. Ohio borders Michigan to the north and Canada across Lake Erie. It borders Indiana to the west, Pennsylvania to the east, and the Ohio River largely forms the border with the states of West Virginia and Kentucky to the south. Ohio belongs to the Eastern time zone. The northern half of the state is quite flat, the south is more hilly. The highest point is the top of Campbell Hill (472 m). Ohio has more than 2,500 lakes.

Demographics and Economics

In 2000 Ohio had 11,353,140 inhabitants (98 per km²), about a quarter of whom are of German descent. The gross product of the state in 1999 was $362 billion. The largest city in Ohio is the capital Columbus. Other major cities include Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Cleveland, and Dayton. If one uses the agglomeration of cities, Cleveland comes by far in first place.

Administrative division

Ohio is divided into 88 counties.

Governance and politics

The Ohio government consists of an executive branch headed by the Ohio governor, a legislative branch with the Ohio General Assembly as its central body, and a judiciary under the control of the Ohio Supreme Court. Today Ohio holds 18 seats in the United States House of Representatives. The current Governor of Ohio is Mike DeWine of the Republican Party. He was elected in the 2018 gubernatorial election and took office on January 14, 2019. Ohio is one of the swing states during the presidential election. The state is considered a good predictor of the US presidential election because its population is a good cross-section of the US population. Since the election of 1896, only three occasions have the winner in Ohio failed to win in the United States. These exceptions were Roosevelt in 1944, Kennedy in 196