Parliament of France


July 5, 2022

The Parliament of France (French: Parliament Français) is the bicameral parliament of France. Parliament is the legislative branch of the French government. The Parliament of France consists of the following chambers: Upper house (Chambre haute) - Senate (Sénat) House of Commons (Chambre basse) - French National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale Française) The Senate has 348 members, the French National Assembly has 577 members. The Senate sits in the Palais du Luxembourg, the French National Assembly sits in the Palais Bourbon.

Legislative process

Both chambers of parliament (just like in the Netherlands) have to approve a law before it can come into force. Once a bill has been steered through the National Assembly, the Senate is allowed to change the content of the law – which the Senate (Eerste Kamer) is not allowed to do in the Netherlands. In that case, the Assembly must reconsider and approve the amended law in a second reading. But when the Assembly changes the law again, the law has to go back to the Senate for a second reading there. Even then, the Senate can change the law again. In theory, this ping pong game can go on indefinitely. Ultimately, after a complicated procedure, the government can choose to submit a bill only to the National Assembly. However, this rarely happens.

See also

Politics in France Senate (France) French National Assembly Chamber of Deputies (France)

External links

(fr) Website of the Parliament of France (fr) Site of the CHPP (Comité d'histoire parliamentaire et politique) and of the Parliament(s), Revue d'histoire politique