October 13 is the 286th day of the year and the 287th in leap years. There are 79 days left in the year.
Terje, Tarjei and Torgeir
1307 - A large number of Knights Templar are arrested on this day by order of Philip IV of France, leading to the fall of the Order. It has been claimed that this is the origin of the belief that Friday the 13th is an accident day.
1946 - France adopts the Constitution of the "Fourth Republic".
1977 - Landshut hijacking: The Lufthansa plane "Landshut" was hijacked by four Palestinian terrorists.
1242 - Archbishop Sigurd institutes the day as the day of relics.
1905 - The Swedish Parliament approves the Karlstad settlement with Norway.
1918 - A Norwegian bark, "Pathfinder", loses the war as the last Norwegian ship during the First World War.
1957 - The Norwegian Association for the Deafblind is established.
2021 - Mass murder on Kongsberg: A man killed five people with a bow and arrow and two other weapons.
See more who were born on October 13 in Category: Births on October 13.
1798 - Herman Wilhelm Bissen, Danish sculptor (d. 1868)
1819 - Aurelio Saffi, Italian politician (d. 1890)
1821 - Rudolf Virchow, German biologist and politician (d. 1902)
1822 - Luigi Giordani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1893)
1825 - Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster (d. 1899)
1827 - Johan Christian Tandberg Castberg, Norwegian politician (d. 1899)
1840 - Daniel Niclasen, Faroese merchant and politician (d. 1900)
1862 - Mary Kingsley, British explorer and ethnologist (d. 1900)
1887 - Jozef Tiso, Slovak head of state during World War II (1947)
1910 - Claes Gill, Norwegian author, journalist, poet and actor (d. 1973)
1913 - Wolfgang Lüth, German officer (d. 1945)
1919 - Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian cardinal (d. 2003)
1923 - Eivind Bolle, Norwegian Minister of Fisheries (d. 2012)
1923 - Felix Ermacora, Austrian lawyer and politician (d. 1995)
1925 - Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister (d. 2013)
1927 - Lee Konitz, American jazz musician (d. 2020)
1934 - Nana Mouskouri (Crete, Greece), the world's best-selling female singer
1936 - Hans-Joachim Meyer, German politician
1939 - Edgeir Benum, Norwegian historian
1940 - Grete Knudsen, Norwegian politician and minister
1941 - Tore Lindholt, Norwegian CEO of Folketrygdfondet
1941 - Paul Simon, American musician
1945 - Desi Bouterse, President of Suriname
1948 - Jorun Gulbrandsen, Norwegian politician
1949 - Egil Olli, Norwegian politician
1949 - Tore Halvorsen, Norwegian musician
1954 - Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear engineer who unveils Israel's nuclear weapons program in 1986
1967 - Javier Sotomayor, Cuban athlete
1971 - André Bergdølmo, Norwegian football player
1974 - Kristian Valen, Norwegian comedian
1976 - Cathrine Grage, Danish figure skater
1977 - Antonio Di Natale, Italian footballer
1979 - Wes Brown, English footballer
1980 - Magne Hoseth, Norwegian football player
1980 - Gonzalo Fernández-Castaño, Spanish golfer
1980 - Scott Parker, English footballer
1982 - Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer
1986 - Gabriel Agbonlahor, English footballer
1989 - Breno Borges, Brazilian footballer
1995 - Park Jimin, Korean singer and dancer, member of the BTS group
See more who died 13 October in Category: Deaths 13 October.
1815 - Joachim Murat, king of Naples 1808–1815 and French marshal (executed) (b. 1767)
1891 - Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann, German merchant and senator (b. 1840)
1899 - Aristide Cavaillé-Coll, French organ builder (b. 1811)
1904 - Pavlos Melas, Greek officer (b. 1870)
1907 - Georg Johan Knap, Norwegian shipowner and politician (b. 1831)
1926 - Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (b. 1865)
1984 - Henry Wahl, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1915)
1996 - Henri Nannen, German journalist and publisher (b. 1913)
1997 - Ian Stuart Black, British screenwriter (b. 1915)
1998 - Thomas Byberg, Norwegian skater (b.