October 14 is the 287th day of the year and the 288th in leap years. There are 78 days left in the year. It is called the winter day because it marks the beginning of the winter season. October 14 was relocation day in the fall, a scheme that was practiced until the First World War. It was also a similar moving day in the spring (April 14). Outside of these days, it was not allowed for domestic workers and farm workers to move or get a new job. It was also common to agree on a deadline for moving out or the first opportunity to move into homes on these days, either in the event of a change of ownership or tenancy.
The three international standardization organizations ISO, IEC and ITU mark October 14 as World Standardization Day.
1066 - Battle of Hastings.
1758 - Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Hochkirch, Austria conquers Prussia.
1912 - US presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt is shot by salon owner William Schrank in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Even with a flesh wound, and the bullet still in his body, Roosevelt gives his election campaign speech.
1912 - Shell is established in Norway on October 14, 1912 under the name Norsk-Engelsk Mineralolie Aktieselskab (NEMAK).
1926 - The children's book Ole Brumm by Alan Milne is published.
1944 - World War II: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is given the choice between being shot and taking his own life. He chooses the latter.
1947 - Chuck Yeager becomes the first to break the sound barrier with the American experimental aircraft Bell X-1.
1958 - Construction of the Knesset building, the Israeli parliament building, begins.
1962 - Cuba crisis begins; a U-2 spy plane takes pictures of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba.
1964 - Leonid Brezhnev succeeds Nikita Khrushchev as supreme leader of the Soviet Union.
1964 - American human rights activist Martin Luther King jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1981 - A week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak becomes President of Egypt.
1994 - The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Yasir Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres.
2010 - Mark Rutte takes over as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from Jan Peter Balkenende.
2012 - Felix Baumgartner sets a world record in parachuting from great heights.
1899 - The Titran accident in which 142 fishermen die in a terrible stormy night. The afternoon before, the same hurricane had claimed 30 lives in the Røvær accident.
1937 - Trøndelag Theater premiered its opening performance.
1981 - Gro Harlem Brundtland's 1st government resigns.
1981 - Kåre Willoch forms Kåre Willoch's government, which was the first pure Conservative government since Emil Stang's second government in 1895.
2021 - Jonas Gahr Støre's government consisting of the Labor Party and the Center Party took over after Erna Solberg's government.
See more who were born on October 14 in Category: Births on October 14.
1804 - Louis Delasiauve, French psychiatrist (d. 1893)
1812 - Carl Christopher Georg Andræ, Danish officer, mathematician and politician (d. 1892)
1817 - Marcus Thrane, Norwegian labor organizer (d. 1890)
1819 - Seraphim of Sliven, Bulgarian Orthodox bishop (d. 1896)
1838 - Christian Schweigaard, Norwegian lawyer and politician (d. 1899)
1890 - Dwight D. Eisenhower, US General and later 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
1897 - Harald Strøm, Norwegian figure skater (d. 1977)
1906 - Hannah Arendt, German philosopher (d. 1975)
1927 - Roger Moore, British film actor (d. 2017)
1928 - Arnfinn Bergmann, Norwegian ski jumper (d. 2011)
1930 - Joseph Mobutu, president of Zaire (d. 1997)
1930 - Kirsti Birkeland, Norwegian author (d. 2019)
1939 - Ketil Lund, Norwegian Supreme Court judge
1940 - Cliff Richard, British musician
1940 - Jack Berntsen, Norwegian author and musician (d. 2010)
1942 - Péter Nádas, Hungarian author
1944 - Svein Flåtten, Norwegian politician
1945 - Daan Jippes, Dutch cartoonist
1946 - François Bozizé, Central African Pre