1814

Article

January 20, 2022

for the Norwegian TV series from 1988, see 1814 (TV series) 1814 (MDCCCXIV) in the Gregorian calendar was a year without a shooting day that began on a Saturday.

Events

Abroad

March 10 - Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France. April 4 - Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates and goes into exile. The French monarchy is restored.

Norway

January 14 - Kielfreden: Peace agreement between Sweden and Denmark-Norway February 16 - The big man meeting at Eidsvoll is held March 2 - The first Norwegian government instruction and the Prime Minister's Secretariat are established March 25 - The Folkeeden and the election to the National Assembly begin. April 10 - The National Assembly meets at Eidsvoll. May 16 - The National Assembly at Eidsvoll adopts Norway's Constitution May 17 - Norway's Constitution is signed at the Riksforsamlingen at Eidsvoll. May 19 - Christian Fredrik agrees to become King of Norway. July 26 - Swedish forces invade Norway at Hvaler August 5 - The Battle of Matrand, the bloodiest battle during the Swedes' campaign in Norway. August 9 - The battle of Langnes fortification becomes the last major battle against the Swedes. August 14 - War with Sweden 1814. A ceasefire agreement, the Moss Convention, is signed. October 20 - The Storting decides by 72 to 5 votes to enter into a personnel union with Sweden, but the royal election and thus the formal entry into the union must wait until the necessary amendments to the Constitution have been adopted. November 4 - The constitution is revised to adapt to the personnel union with Sweden. November 4 - King Carl XIII is elected King of Norway, and the union is thus a fact.

Births

First quarter

January 8 - Johannes Westergaard, Norwegian shipowner and politician (d. 1900) January 13 - Michelangelo Celesia, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1904) January 13 - Chester Lyman, American priest, teacher, and astronomer (d. 1890) January 16 - Josip Mihalović, Hungarian Catholic cardinal (d. 1891) 14. February - Charles-Philippe Place, French Catholic cardinal (d. 1893) February 18 - Carl Paul Caspari, German-Norwegian theologian and professor (d. 1892) 26. March - Carl Fredrik Diriks, Norwegian artist, illustrator and lighthouse director (d. 1895)

Second quarter

April 1 - Søren Jaabæk, Norwegian politician (d. 1894) April 2 - Hermann von Dechend, German banker and politician (d. 1890) 7. May - Robert Caldwell, British missionary and orientalist (d. 1891) May 23 - Erik Jonsen Nonstadplass, Norwegian carpenter and church builder (d. 1902) May 30 - Mikhail Bakunin, Russian author (d. 1876) May 30 - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)

Third quarter

July 19 - Samuel Colt, American inventor and manufacturer of weapons (d. 1862) 2. August - Frederik Wilhelm Treschow, Norwegian industrialist (d. 1901) August 10 - Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss chocolate magnate (d. 1890) August 13 - Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist and astronomer (d. 1874) 2. September - Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1896) September 19 - Cajetan Freiherr von Felder, Austrian entomologist and lawyer (d. 1894) September 27 - Daniel Kirkwood, American astronomer (d. 1895)

Fourth quarter

October 4 - Jean-François Millet, French painter (d. 1875) October 15 - Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author (d. 1841) November 6 - Adolphe Sax, Belgian instrument maker and inventor (d. 1894)

Unknown date

Christian Birch-Reichenwald, Norwegian politician (d. 1891) Harald Nicolai Storm Wergeland, Norwegian officer and mountain climber (d. 1893) Halvor Jonsen Øverkil, Norwegian teacher and politician (d. 1897)

Deaths

January 27 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1762) February 26 - Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor and visual artist (b. 1740) July 12 - William Howe, British general (b. 1729) November 23 - Elbridge Gerry, Fifth Vice President of the United States (b. 1744) December 21 - Marki de Sade, French aristocrat, count and author (b. 1740) Nations

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