The Ten Years' War breaks out in Cuba, against the Spanish government.
The English football club Stoke is founded.
January 2 - First issue of the newspaper Bergens Tidende.
February 12 - The night between 11 and 12 February, 32 people were killed in the Kletthamranskredet in Oppdal, the worst avalanche in Norwegian history.
June 23 - Christopher Latham Sholes patents his typewriter.
October 10 - Cuba declares independence from Spain
December 31 - Strongest recorded high pressure: 1084 hPa in northern Central Siberia
Liechtenstein abolishes the military. The country now only has conscripts for defense, with Switzerland as protectors in extreme situations.
March 26 - Fuad of Egypt, Egyptian King (d. 1936)
March 28 - Maxim Gorky, Russian author (d. 1936)
April 2 - Herluf Kløvstad, Norwegian doctor (d. 1900)
May 7 - Stanisław Przybyszewski, Polish author (d. 1927)
May 13 - Sumner Paine, American sniper (d. 1904)
May 18 - Nicholas II of Russia, Russian Tsar (d. 1918)
May 27 - Takeo Hirose, Japanese officer (d. 1904)
May 27 - Peter Andreas Skjeflo, Norwegian teacher and author (d. 1892)
June 6 - Robert Falcon Scott, British polar explorer (d. 1912)
June 14 - Vilhelm Dons, Norwegian jurist (d. 1908)
June 14 - Gilbert Thomas Walker, British physicist and meteorologist (d. 1958)
June 18 - Miklós Horthy, Hungarian Governor (d. 1957)
July 12 - Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
August 23 - Paul Otlet, Belgian jurist and pacifist (d. 1944)
October 3 - Francisco de Asís Vidal y Barraquer, Spanish cardinal (d. 1943)
November 8 - Arthur McEvoy, French cricketer (d. 1904)
November 17 - Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (d. 1918)
November 22 - John N. Garner, 32nd Vice President of the United States (d. 1967)
November 24 - Scott Joplin, American composer and musician (d. 1917)
December 9 - Fritz Haber, German chemist (d. 1934)
December 18 - Carlo Perosi, Italian cardinal (d. 1930)
December 24 - Emanuel Lasker, German chess player and mathematician (d. 1941)
December 29 - Bille Aubert, Norwegian jurist (d. 1908)
January 19 - Gottfried Ignatius Montz, Norwegian Catholic priest
February 29 - Ludwig I of Bavaria, Bavarian king
April 3 - Franz Berwald Swedish composer (b. 1796)
May 14 - Girolamo D'Andrea, Italian cardinal
June 1 - James Buchanan, President of the United States (b. 1791)
July 18 - Emanuel Leutze, German-American painter (b. 1816)
August 11 - Halfdan Kjerulf, Norwegian composer (b. 1815)
November 13 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer (b. 1792)
Fyodor Dostoevsky - Idiots
Jules Verne - Captain Grant's child
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson - The fisher girl