1894

Article

July 5, 2022

Events

The whole of Norway gets a common clock time January 7 - W.K. Dickson patents "moving pictures", ie film. March 12 - Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time. April 21 - Krag-Jørgensen is used as a standard weapon in the Army, and remains in service for almost 50 years. May 21 - 22-year-old French anarchist Emile Henry is executed in the guillotine. June 4 - The Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed June 23 - The International Olympic Committee is founded in Paris July 1 - Nesttun-Osbanen is opened August 1 - Mutual declaration of war between China and Japan September 22 - Oscar II inaugurates the Norwegian Masonic Order's Stamhus in Nedre Vollgate 19 in Kristiania. October 15 - Alfred Dreyfus is arrested in France, accused of espionage; the case creates the next years political crisis in the country November 4 - Bulawayo joins British South Africa Company December 19 - The Norwegian Folk Museum was founded

Births

February 10 - Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1986) March 8 - Wäinö Aaltonen, Finnish sculptor (d. 1966) April 4 - Marie Mornet Robin, French (d. 2007) April 13 - Ludvig Irgens-Jensen, Norwegian composer (d. 1969) April 14 - Emil Herje, Norwegian author (d. 1969) April 15 - Bessie Smith, American blues singer (d. 1937) April 15 - Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet politician (d. 1971) April 26 - Rudolf Hess, German National Socialist politician (d. 1987) May 27 - Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French author (d. 1961) May 27 - Dashiell Hammett, American author (d. 1961) June 15 - Trygve Gulbranssen, Norwegian author (d. 1962) August 12 - Albert Leo Schlageter, German Free Corps member (d. 1923) September 28 - Thorleif Haug, Norwegian skier (d. 1934) October 4 - Frans G. Bengtsson, Swedish author (d. 1954) October 20 - Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan president (d. 1978) October 27 - Fritz Sauckel, German war criminal (d. 1946) December 11 - Martin Linge, Norwegian resistance fighter (d. 1941)

Deaths

January

1. - Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857) 7. - Søren Jaabæk, Norwegian politician (b. 1814) 17. - Rasmus Rolfsen Arnet, Norwegian priest and politician (b. 1809) 23. - King Lobengula (b. 1833)

February

1. - Luigi Serafini, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1808) 4. - Adolphe Sax, Belgian instrument maker (b. 1814) 6. - Theodor Billroth, German-Austrian physician (b. 1829) 8. - Robert Michael Ballantyne, Scottish writer (b. 1825) 12. - Hans von Bülow, German musician (b. 1830) 12. - Aldin Grout, American missionary (b. 1803) 13. - Franjo Rački, Croatian historian (b. 1829) 14. - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814) 21. - Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (b. 1848) 24. - Jørgen Aall, Norwegian lawyer, civil servant and politician (b. 1806)

March

2. - Jubal Anderson Early, American Attorney and General (b. 1816) 9. - Francesco Ricci Paracciani, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1830) 9. - Léon-Benoit-Charles Thomas, French Catholic cardinal (b. 1826) 24. - Illarion Prjanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840) 29. - Nils Weyer Arveschoug, Norwegian county official and politician (b. 1807) 29. - Jacob Smith Jarmann, Norwegian weapons designer (b. 1816) 31. - William Robertson Smith, Scottish philologist, archaeologist and physicist (b. 1846)

April

4. - Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1818) 8. - Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian author (b. 1838) 13. - Philipp Spitta, German music historian and scholar (b. 1841) 15. - Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac, Swiss chemist (b. 1817) 27. - Julie Sødring, Danish actress (b. 1823)

May

2. - Sven Brun, Norwegian priest (b. 1812) 8. - Carl Christian Wischmann, Norwegian photographer (b. 1819)

June

7. - William Dwight Whitney, American linguist and editor (b. 1827) 13. - Nikolai Ge, Russian painter (b. 1831) 18. - Albin Dunajewski, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1817) 25. - Marie Fran�