1899

Article

October 17, 2021

1899 (MDCCCXCIX) in the Gregorian calendar was a leap year that began on a Sunday.

Events

January 3 - First known use of the word "automobile" (in The New York Times). January 12 - Local liner DS «Avaldsnæs» sinks in Karmsundet after a collision with night liner DS «Sandnæs». Four people die. February 16 - French President Félix Faure dies of a stroke. March 6 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trade name. April 1 - The national organization (LO) is founded under the name Arbeidernes faglige landsorganisasjon. April 8 - Martha Place becomes the first woman to be executed in an electric chair. June 11 - Christiania crack September 1 - The National Theater opens.

Births

January 7 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963) January 17th Al Capone, American gangster (d. 1947) Nevil Shute, British author (d. 1960) February 23 - Erich Kästner, German author (d. 1974) March 19 - Aksel Sandemose, Danish-Norwegian author (d. 1965) April 23 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American author (d. 1977) May 8 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian social economist (d. 1992) May 10 - Fred Astaire, American singer, dancer and actor (d. 1987) July 1 - Charles Laughton, British-American actor (d. 1962) July 21 - Ernest Hemingway, American author (d. 1961) August 13 - Alfred Hitchcock, British film director (d. 1980) August 23 - Terje Wold, Norwegian Supreme Court Justice and Minister of Justice (d. 1972) August 27 - Cecil S. Forrester, British author (d. 1966) September 6 - Pieter Jacobus (Piet) Meertens, Dutch literary scholar, sociolinguist and ethnologist (d. 1985) October 19 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan author, diplomat, and Nobel laureate in literature (d. 1974) October 23 - Bernt Balchen, Norwegian-American aviation pioneer and discoverer (d. 1973) November 25 - William Riley Burnett, American author and film producer (d. 1982) December 16 - Noel Coward, British actor, playwright and composer (d. 1973) December 18 - Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1990) December 25 - Humphrey Bogart, American actor (d. 1957) December 30 - Helge Ingstad, Norwegian author and researcher (d. 2001)

Deaths

January

6. - Leo von Caprivi, German officer and politician (b. 1831) 7. - Henrik Brustad, Norwegian giant (b. 1844) 9. - Otto von Bray-Steinburg, Bavarian politician (b. 1807) 10. - Martin Andreas Udbye, Norwegian composer (b. 1820) 21. - Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva, Portuguese Catholic cardinal (b. 1829) 24. - Christian Friele, Norwegian editor (b. 1821) 29. - Alfred Sisley, French painter (b. 1839)

February

2. - Halfdan Egedius, Norwegian painter and draftsman (b. 1877) 3. - Juliusz Kossak, Polish painter (b. 1824) 16. - Félix Faure, French Politician (b. 1841) 18. - Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1842) 21. - George Ferguson Bowen, British Governor-General (b. 1821) 23. - Oluf Andreas Løwold, Norwegian author (b. 1830)

March

7. - Johan Raatamaa, Finnish preacher (b. 1811) 24. - Christian Schweigaard, Norwegian lawyer and politician (b. 1838)

April

10. - Otto Frederik Vaupell, Danish officer and historian (b. 1823) 11. - Monier Monier-Williams, British Indologist (b. 1819) 15. - Agostino Bausa, Italian cardinal (b. 1821) 16. - Emilio Jacinto, Philippine freedom fighter (b. 1875)

May

1. - Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physiologist (b. 1824) 2. - Eduard von Simson, German jurist and politician (b. 1810) 6. - Philipp Krementz, German Catholic cardinal (b. 1819) 8. - Ole Bergesen, Norwegian priest and politician (b. 1832) 14. - Lars Erik Nilson, Swedish chemist (b. 1840)

June

3. - Johann Strauss d.y., Austrian composer (b. 1825) 6. - Jacob Sverdrup Smitt, Norwegian bishop and politician (b. 1835) 10. - Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855) 11. - Jakob Sverdrup, Norwegian theologian and politician (b

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