1899 (MDCCCXCIX) in the Gregorian calendar was a leap year that began on a Sunday.
January 3 - First known use of the word "automobile" (in The New York Times).
January 12 - Local liner DS «Avaldsnæs» sinks in Karmsundet after a collision with night liner DS «Sandnæs». Four people die.
February 16 - French President Félix Faure dies of a stroke.
March 6 - Bayer registers aspirin as a trade name.
April 1 - The national organization (LO) is founded under the name Arbeidernes faglige landsorganisasjon.
April 8 - Martha Place becomes the first woman to be executed in an electric chair.
June 11 - Christiania crack
September 1 - The National Theater opens.
January 7 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963)
Al Capone, American gangster (d. 1947)
Nevil Shute, British author (d. 1960)
February 23 - Erich Kästner, German author (d. 1974)
March 19 - Aksel Sandemose, Danish-Norwegian author (d. 1965)
April 23 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American author (d. 1977)
May 8 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian social economist (d. 1992)
May 10 - Fred Astaire, American singer, dancer and actor (d. 1987)
July 1 - Charles Laughton, British-American actor (d. 1962)
July 21 - Ernest Hemingway, American author (d. 1961)
August 13 - Alfred Hitchcock, British film director (d. 1980)
August 23 - Terje Wold, Norwegian Supreme Court Justice and Minister of Justice (d. 1972)
August 27 - Cecil S. Forrester, British author (d. 1966)
September 6 - Pieter Jacobus (Piet) Meertens, Dutch literary scholar, sociolinguist and ethnologist (d. 1985)
October 19 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan author, diplomat, and Nobel laureate in literature (d. 1974)
October 23 - Bernt Balchen, Norwegian-American aviation pioneer and discoverer (d. 1973)
November 25 - William Riley Burnett, American author and film producer (d. 1982)
December 16 - Noel Coward, British actor, playwright and composer (d. 1973)
December 18 - Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1990)
December 25 - Humphrey Bogart, American actor (d. 1957)
December 30 - Helge Ingstad, Norwegian author and researcher (d. 2001)
6. - Leo von Caprivi, German officer and politician (b. 1831)
7. - Henrik Brustad, Norwegian giant (b. 1844)
9. - Otto von Bray-Steinburg, Bavarian politician (b. 1807)
10. - Martin Andreas Udbye, Norwegian composer (b. 1820)
21. - Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva, Portuguese Catholic cardinal (b. 1829)
24. - Christian Friele, Norwegian editor (b. 1821)
29. - Alfred Sisley, French painter (b. 1839)
2. - Halfdan Egedius, Norwegian painter and draftsman (b. 1877)
3. - Juliusz Kossak, Polish painter (b. 1824)
16. - Félix Faure, French Politician (b. 1841)
18. - Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1842)
21. - George Ferguson Bowen, British Governor-General (b. 1821)
23. - Oluf Andreas Løwold, Norwegian author (b. 1830)
7. - Johan Raatamaa, Finnish preacher (b. 1811)
24. - Christian Schweigaard, Norwegian lawyer and politician (b. 1838)
10. - Otto Frederik Vaupell, Danish officer and historian (b. 1823)
11. - Monier Monier-Williams, British Indologist (b. 1819)
15. - Agostino Bausa, Italian cardinal (b. 1821)
16. - Emilio Jacinto, Philippine freedom fighter (b. 1875)
1. - Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physiologist (b. 1824)
2. - Eduard von Simson, German jurist and politician (b. 1810)
6. - Philipp Krementz, German Catholic cardinal (b. 1819)
8. - Ole Bergesen, Norwegian priest and politician (b. 1832)
14. - Lars Erik Nilson, Swedish chemist (b. 1840)
3. - Johann Strauss d.y., Austrian composer (b. 1825)
6. - Jacob Sverdrup Smitt, Norwegian bishop and politician (b. 1835)
10. - Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
11. - Jakob Sverdrup, Norwegian theologian and politician (b