1905

Article

December 8, 2021

Events

Abroad

Albert Einstein publishes his famous theory of relativity. January 22 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg during the 1905 revolution in Russia. (January 9, according to the Julian calendar in use in Russia). March 3 - Russia's Tsar Nikolai II declares its readiness to establish a popular assembly (Duma). March 5 - Russian forces begin withdrawal from Mukden, Manchuria, after losing 100,000 men in three days. April 4 - An earthquake hits Kangra, India. 370,000 people die. July 29 - US and Japan sign secret Taft-Katsura deal. November 17 - Japan imposes EU Treaty on Korea.

Norway

January 17 - 61 people die in a landslide accident in Loen. March 5 - Public meetings across the country demand the dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway. March 6 - The Storting decides to establish its own Norwegian consulate. March 11 - Francis Hagerup's second government resigns. Christian Michelsen's coalition government joins. May 27 - King Oscar II refuses to sanction the Norwegian government's proposal for a law on its own consulate. The ministers refused to countersign the decision and submitted their resignation applications, which the king refused to grant. Thus, the "short line of law" against the dissolution of the union was almost brought to the goal. The last stage was completed on 7 June. June 7 - The union between Norway and Sweden is declared dissolved as a result of King Oscar II declaring himself unable to form a government and therefore ceasing to function as Norwegian king. August 13 - Referendum on the dissolution of the union with Sweden. 368 208 (men) vote yes, 184 no September 13 - Mobilization in Norway. September 23 - An agreement is reached between Sweden and Norway on the dissolution of the union in the Karlstad negotiations. November 12 - A referendum on a republic or kingdom gives a majority for a kingdom. November 14 - The Hell – Sunnan line was opened. November 18 - The Storting unanimously elects the Danish prince Carl as king (Haakon 7.). November 25 - Haakon 7. arrives in Kristiania (Oslo). November 27 - Haakon VII takes his oath to the constitution before a united Storting. December 2 - Norsk Hydro is founded.

Births

January 21 - Christian Dior, French fashion artist (d. 1957) January 29 - Klaus Sunnanå, Norwegian Director of Fisheries (d. 1980) March 15 - Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and opponent of the National Socialist government (d. 1944) April 4 - Sverre Løberg, Norwegian opponent and politician (d. 1976) April 8 - Hans Scherfig, Danish author and visual artist (d. 1979) April 12 - Inger Hagerup, Norwegian author (d. 1985) July 25 - Elias Canetti, Sephardic-Jewish author, Nobel Prize winner in literature (d. 1994) July 29 - Clara Bow, American actress (d. 1965) July 29 - Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish UN Secretary-General (d. 1961) August 4 - Abeid Karume, Tanzanian politician (b. 1972) August 29 - Al Taliaferro, American cartoonist (d. 1969) September 22 - Haakon Lie, Norwegian politician (d. 2009) September 28 - Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005) October 15 - Charles Percy Snow, British scientist and author (d. 1980) October 18 - Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian president (d. 1993) November 17 - Astrid, Queen of Belgium (d. 1935)

Deaths

January

1. - Benoit-Marie Langénieux, French cardinal (b. 1824) 2. - Anne Brandfjeld, Norwegian folk medicine (b. 1815) 6. - George van Cleaf, American water polo player (b. 1880) 7. - Paul Cérésole, Swiss jurist and politician (b. 1832) 9. - Louise Michel, French teacher and anarchist (b. 1830) 13. - Prince Alexander of Lippe (b. 1831) 27. - Hjalmar Stolpe, Swedish entomologist, archaeologist and ethnologist (b. 1841)

February

1. - Oswald Achenbach, German painter (b. 1827) 2. - Adolf Bastian, German philosopher and author (b. 1826) 6. - Niels Rye, Norwegian civil servant and politician (b. 1824) 9

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