1926 (MCMXXVI) in the Gregorian calendar was a year without a shooting day that began on a Friday.
January 3 - General Theodorus Pángulos proclaims Greek dictator.
January 7 - George Burns marries Gracie Allen.
January 8 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes king of Hejaz and renames it Saudi Arabia.
February 26 - In London, John Logie Baird demonstrates a semi-mechanical analogue television set. The first transfer is a picture of Felix the Cat.
March 16 - Robert Goddard tests the first liquid fuel rocket.
April 9 - Americans Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole. Later, this is questioned.
May 12 - Uprising in Poland.
May 31 - Military coup in Portugal.
July 9 - New military coup in Portugal.
July 28 - King Albert I gains dictatorial power in Belgium.
August 22 - Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos is overthrown, with former president Georgios Koundouriotis reinstated.
September 5 - In the United States, the Ford Motor Company introduces an 8-hour day and a 5-day work week.
September 8 - Germany becomes a member of the League of Nations.
November 18 - George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept his Nobel Prize.
December 17 - Atanas Smetona proclaims dictator in Lithuania.
Aasa Helgesen will be Norway's first female mayor at Utsira.27. February - The Mowinckel government joins in its proposed state budget.
March 20 - Prime Minister Ivar Lykke calls for a boycott of the workers' press.
March 29 - Roald Amundsen begins his voyage to the North Pole with the Airship «Norway».
April 14 - The airship "Norway" arrives in Oslo from Rome.
April 24 - Major strike in protest against LO and NAF having begun negotiations.
May 12 - The airship "Norway" flies over the North Pole.
May 20 - The grain monopoly is abolished.
August 16 - Lockout in the paper industry after employers demanded a 27 percent pay cut.
September 3 - Supreme Court case against former Prime Minister Abraham Berge and six of his ministers.
October 18 - A referendum gives a majority to lift the liquor ban
Ullevaal Stadium opens.
1. - Rolf Fjeldvær, Norwegian politician (d. 2017)
3. - Werner Michael Blumenthal, US Secretary of the Treasury
3. - George Martin, British composer and record producer (d. 2016)
6. - Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)
9. - Randi Hultin, Norwegian jazz journalist (d. 2000)
20. - Patricia Neal, American actress (d. 2010)
26. - Youssef Chahine, Egyptian director (d. 2008)
31. - Johannes Joachim Degenhardt, German cardinal (d. 2002)
1. - Kolbjørn Gåsvær, Norwegian cultural worker (d. 2012)
2. - Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, French President (d. 2020)
2. - Miguel Obando Bravo, Nicaraguan Cardinal (d. 2018)
2. - Fritz Stern, German – American historian (d. 2016)
3. - Hans-Jochen Vogel, German Politician (d. 2020)
12. - Arne Haukvik, Norwegian politician (d. 2002)
16. - John Schlesinger, British director (d. 2003)
19. - Ross Thomas, American author (d. 1995)
22. - Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian politician (d. 2005)
23. - Luigi de Magistris, Italian Catholic Bishop
28. - Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin (d. 2011)
1. - Erik Bye, Norwegian TV personality (d. 2004)
2. - Bernard Agré, Ivorian cardinal (d. 2014)
2. - Christian Erlandsen, Norwegian politician (d. 2016)
2. - Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
6. - Ann Curtis, American swimmer (d. 2012)
6. - Alan Greenspan, US Federal Reserve Chairman
17. - Siegfried Lenz, German author (d. 2014)
21. - Heikki Hasu, Finnish cross-country and combined runner
24. - Desmond Connell, Irish Cardinal (d. 2017)
24. - Dario Fo, Italian author and Nobel Prize winner (literature) (d. 2016)
30. - Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish businessman (d. 2018)
30. - Bjørn A. Larsen, Norwegian architect
1. - Anne McCaffrey, American