1937 (MCMXXXVII) in the Gregorian calendar was a year without a shooting day that began on a Friday.
First half year
February 8 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists occupy Málaga.
February 16 - Wallace H. Carothers patents nylon.
February 21 - Prince Harald is born. He is the first prince born in Norway at 566 years old.
March 18 - A natural gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas, kills 298 people, mostly children.
April 1st -
India gains expanded autonomy.
Aden becomes a British crown colony.
April 26 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica is bombed and completely destroyed by German bombers.
May 6 - Hindenburg accident in New Jersey, United States of America.
May 12 - George VI is crowned King of Great Britain.
May 15 - Tram accident in Sannergata, Oslo. One person dies.
May 29 - Sola Airport opens.
June 3 - The Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) marries Wallis Simpson in France.
June 19 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists occupy Bilbao.
Second half year
July 2 - Amelia Earhart disappears into the Pacific Ocean while trying to fly around the globe.
July 5 - Highest measured minimum temperature in Norway: 25.8 ºC in Alstahaug in Nordland.
July 11 - Japanese forces occupy Shanghai
July 19 - In Germany, the Buchenwald concentration camp comes into operation.
July 27 - The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 bomber flies for the first time.
July 28 - Japanese forces occupy Beijing.
October 14 - Trøndelag Theater premieres its opening performance.
October 21 - Spanish Civil War: After capturing Gijón, the nationalists rule northern Spain.
December 12 - Taroko National Park is established for the first time.
December 13 - The Nanjing Massacre, in which Japanese forces kill up to 300,000 civilians and prisoners, begins.
December 29 - Ireland (Ireland) gets a new constitution.
Israel Regardie breaks his occult vow of secrecy and publishes The Golden Dawn vol. I-IV.
The police are centralized and take fasces as part of their symbol.
The surveillance police are created.
Police are launching an eradication campaign targeting criminal communists.
The National Assembly gets a clear anti-Semitic profile.
Ole, Dole and Doffen Duck are created by Ted Osbourne and Al Taliaferro.
4. - Ole Kristian Grimnes, Norwegian historian
4. - Frode J. Strømnes, Norwegian professor of psychology (d. 2012)
7. - Carlos Westendorp, Spanish politician and diplomat
8. - Shirley Bassey, British singer
16. - Francis Eugene George, US Cardinal (d. 2015)
18. - John Hume, Northern Ireland politician and Nobel laureate (peace) (d. 2020)
19. - Princess Birgitta of Sweden
30. - Vanessa Redgrave, British actress
30. - Boris Spassky, Soviet chess player
31. - Philip Glass, American musician and composer
1. - Audrys Juozas Bačkis, Lithuanian cardinal
1. - Don Everly, American musician (d. 2021)
4. - Magnar Solberg, Norwegian biathlete
7. - Doris Gercke, German author
11. - Anders Bodelsen, Danish author
12. - Prince Viktor Emanuel of Naples, Italian
21. - King Harald V of Norway
21. - Ron Clarke, Australian Athlete (d. 2015)
25. - Gyula Zsivótzky, Hungarian athlete (d. 2007)
2. - Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algerian politician and president (d. 2021)
4. - Barney Wilen, French jazz musician (d. 1996)
5. - Olusegun Obasanjo, Nigerian President
5. - Oddrunn Pettersen, Norwegian politician and minister (d. 2002)
6. - Arild Nyquist, Norwegian author, musician and visual artist (d. 2004)
6. - Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut
8. - Klara Guseva, Soviet skater (d. 2019)
8. - Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994)
16. - Attilio Nicora, Italian Cardinal (d. 2017)
19. - Egon Krenz, East German politician
20. - Helmut Recknagel, German ski jumper
20. - Jerry Reed, American musician (d. 2008)
21. - Fred Akuffo, gh