1937

Article

October 17, 2021

1937 (MCMXXXVII) in the Gregorian calendar was a year without a shooting day that began on a Friday.

Events

First half year

February 8 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists occupy Málaga. February 16 - Wallace H. Carothers patents nylon. February 21 - Prince Harald is born. He is the first prince born in Norway at 566 years old. March 18 - A natural gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas, kills 298 people, mostly children. April 1st - India gains expanded autonomy. Aden becomes a British crown colony. April 26 - Spanish Civil War: Guernica is bombed and completely destroyed by German bombers. May 6 - Hindenburg accident in New Jersey, United States of America. May 12 - George VI is crowned King of Great Britain. May 15 - Tram accident in Sannergata, Oslo. One person dies. May 29 - Sola Airport opens. June 3 - The Duke of Windsor (formerly King Edward VIII) marries Wallis Simpson in France. June 19 - Spanish Civil War: Nationalists occupy Bilbao.

Second half year

July 2 - Amelia Earhart disappears into the Pacific Ocean while trying to fly around the globe. July 5 - Highest measured minimum temperature in Norway: 25.8 ºC in Alstahaug in Nordland. July 11 - Japanese forces occupy Shanghai July 19 - In Germany, the Buchenwald concentration camp comes into operation. July 27 - The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 bomber flies for the first time. July 28 - Japanese forces occupy Beijing. October 14 - Trøndelag Theater premieres its opening performance. October 21 - Spanish Civil War: After capturing Gijón, the nationalists rule northern Spain. December 12 - Taroko National Park is established for the first time. December 13 - The Nanjing Massacre, in which Japanese forces kill up to 300,000 civilians and prisoners, begins. December 29 - Ireland (Ireland) gets a new constitution.

No date

Israel Regardie breaks his occult vow of secrecy and publishes The Golden Dawn vol. I-IV. The police are centralized and take fasces as part of their symbol. The surveillance police are created. Police are launching an eradication campaign targeting criminal communists. The National Assembly gets a clear anti-Semitic profile. Ole, Dole and Doffen Duck are created by Ted Osbourne and Al Taliaferro.

Births

January

4. - Ole Kristian Grimnes, Norwegian historian 4. - Frode J. Strømnes, Norwegian professor of psychology (d. 2012) 7. - Carlos Westendorp, Spanish politician and diplomat 8. - Shirley Bassey, British singer 16. - Francis Eugene George, US Cardinal (d. 2015) 18. - John Hume, Northern Ireland politician and Nobel laureate (peace) (d. 2020) 19. - Princess Birgitta of Sweden 30. - Vanessa Redgrave, British actress 30. - Boris Spassky, Soviet chess player 31. - Philip Glass, American musician and composer

February

1. - Audrys Juozas Bačkis, Lithuanian cardinal 1. - Don Everly, American musician (d. 2021) 4. - Magnar Solberg, Norwegian biathlete 7. - Doris Gercke, German author 11. - Anders Bodelsen, Danish author 12. - Prince Viktor Emanuel of Naples, Italian 21. - King Harald V of Norway 21. - Ron Clarke, Australian Athlete (d. 2015) 25. - Gyula Zsivótzky, Hungarian athlete (d. 2007)

March

2. - Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algerian politician and president (d. 2021) 4. - Barney Wilen, French jazz musician (d. 1996) 5. - Olusegun Obasanjo, Nigerian President 5. - Oddrunn Pettersen, Norwegian politician and minister (d. 2002) 6. - Arild Nyquist, Norwegian author, musician and visual artist (d. 2004) 6. - Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut 8. - Klara Guseva, Soviet skater (d. 2019) 8. - Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994) 16. - Attilio Nicora, Italian Cardinal (d. 2017) 19. - Egon Krenz, East German politician 20. - Helmut Recknagel, German ski jumper 20. - Jerry Reed, American musician (d. 2008) 21. - Fred Akuffo, gh

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