1940

Article

May 22, 2022

1940 (MCMXL) in the Gregorian calendar was a leap year that began on a Monday.

Events

First quarter

January 6 - The Germans are behind a massacre of Poles in Poznań, Warthegau. January 12 - Winter War: Soviet Union bombs several cities in Finland. January 18 - Sweden declares itself neutral. January 19 - Norway and Denmark declare themselves neutral. February 11 - Winter War: Soviet forces attack the Mannerheim Line. February 14 - The German prisoner ship "Altmark" entered Norwegian territorial waters and hoisted the German naval flag. February 16 - HSE "Cossack" borders the German auxiliary ship "Altmark" in Jøssingfjorden, to release British prisoners. February 23 - The animated film Pinocchio is launched. March 1 - Sales tax is raised from 1% to 2%. March 3 - Winter War: Soviet forces attack Viborg. March 6 - Winter War: A ceasefire is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union. March 12 - Winter War: Peace Treaty between Finland and the Soviet Union. Finland loses East Karelia to the Soviet Union. 200,000 find refugees from the area. March 13 - The Winter War ends. March 18 - Axis powers Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass in the Alps to reach an alliance with France and Britain. March 21 - Paul Reynaud becomes Prime Minister of France.

Second quarter

April

April 3 - German warships leave port for "Operation Weserübung" - the invasion of Denmark and Norway. April 8 - The British mine the Vestfjord in Lofoten in an attempt to stop the German iron ore traffic from Narvik. Around 200 people die when the German troop transport ship "Rio de Janeiro" is torpedoed by a submarine off Lillesand. April 9 - Attack on Norway in 1940: Norway becomes a war scene when Germany invades the country. The German cruiser «Blücher» is sunk in Drøbaksundet. Germany is invading Denmark in addition to Norway. Denmark capitulates. Vidkun Quisling staged a coup through a radio speech. The Battle of Lofoten: a naval battle between British and German naval units. April 10 - German diplomat Curt Bräuer hands over an ultimatum to King Haakon, who rejects it. The battles at Midtskogen. The first naval battle between British and German naval units off Narvik. April 11 - Elverum and Nybergsund were bombed. April 13 - Ten German vessels were sunk or sunk in the second naval battle of Narvik. April 14 - Britain lands troops in Namsos to assist Norwegian forces against Germany. April 15 - The Supreme Court appoints the Administrative Council to be responsible for the civilian administration in the German-occupied areas in Norway. April 17 - Britain lands troops in Åndalsnes. April 20 - Namsos is bombed by German bombers. April 21 - The British forces in southern Norway begin the withdrawal. The bombing of Steinkjer: Steinkjer was bombed by German bombers. No one was killed, but 80% of the buildings were destroyed. April 22 - Government establishes Nortraship, headquartered in London. 23rd of April - German planes launch bomb attack on Åndalsnes. The Hurtigruten ship DS "Sigurd Jarl" was sunk by German planes near Molde. April 24 - Josef Terboven was appointed Reichskommissar (Reichskommissar) for the occupied territories of Norway. April 30 - German planes bomb and destroy large parts of Kristiansund and Molde.

May

1st May - The British forces withdraw from Central Norway. King Haakon, Crown Prince Olav and the government arrive in Tromsø. The Hurtigruten ship DS «Dronning Maud», which is used as a hospital ship, is sunk by German planes at Foldvik in Gratangen. 18 perish. May 2 - The clash at Os between German and Norwegian forces ends with a Norwegian victory. May 5 - Hegra Fortress surrenders as the last of the Norwegian forces in southern Norway. May 10 - Germany invades the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. Britain occupies Iceland and the Faroe Islands. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Neville Chamberlain has resigned.