1944

Article

July 6, 2022

1944 (MCMXLIV) in the Gregorian calendar was a leap year that began on a Saturday. It followed in 1943 and was followed by 1945.

Events

First quarter

January

January 4 - Soviet forces cross the (former) border with Poland. January 7 - 700 of the Oslo students arrested on November 30, 1943 are sent to Germany. January 17 - Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 22 - US forces land at Anzio and Nettuno in Italy. January 25 - Soviet forces capture Cherkassy and threaten to surround parts of the German army group South. January 28 - Soviet forces capture Svenigorodka and surround two German army corps of a total of 50,000 men. January 29 - The battleship USS "Missouri" is launched. 30. January - US forces invade Majuro, Marshall Islands. The Allied forces at Anzio (Operation Shingle) try to break out of the bridgehead after eight days of force building, but are stopped by strong German forces. January 31 - US forces occupy Marshall Islands.

February

February 2 - Gestapo launches mass arrests of those involved in the illegal press. February 13 - Norwegian MTBs stationed on Shetland sink the Hurtigruten ship DS "Irma" and the cargo ship DS "Henry" at Hestskjæret lighthouse on Hustadvika. 61 on board the Hurtigruten and four in the cargo ship perish. February 14 - Java residents revolt against Japanese occupation forces. February 17 - 22 - The Battle of the Eniweto Toka takes place, ending with American victory. February 20 - The ferry DF «Hydro» is sunk on Tinnsjø in Telemark. On board is the residual stock of heavy water from Norsk Hydro's plant at Vemork. 18 perish. February 26 - Soviet Union bombs Helsinki.

March

March 18 - World War II: US bombers attack Friedrichshafen. March 19 - Germany occupies Hungary after opening negotiations with the Allies. Hungarian Jews are sent to the Auschwitz extermination camp. March 24 - D / S «Northern Norway», on its way from Fredrikstad to Tromsø to be put into Hurtigruten traffic, is torpedoed by a British submarine near Stad. Eleven perished.

Second quarter

April

April 1 - Soviet forces cross the border into Romania. April 3 - "Tirpitz" is bombed in the Altafjord. April 4 - US bombers attack Bucharest. April 14 - An explosion shakes the port of Bombay. 300 people die. April 20 - The explosion on Vågen: The Dutch cargo ship "Vorboode" fully loaded with ammunition explodes outside the quay in Bergen and causes great damage to the city. April 21 - Women get the right to vote in France.

May

May 16 - In London, the Norwegian government signs agreements with Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union on the liberation of Norway. It is stated that as soon as the acts of war are over, liberated areas must be under direct Norwegian rule. May 18 - WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino - German forces evacuate Monte Cassino, and Allied forces capture the site after fighting that claimed 20,000 lives. May 21 - A referendum in Iceland decides to dissolve the union with Denmark.

June

June 4 - Allied forces occupy Rome. June 6 - D-Day: The liberation of Western Europe begins under the code name Operation Overlord, beginning with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy, France. June 17 - Allied forces conquer Elba. Iceland becomes an independent republic. June 25 - The German occupation forces in Denmark impose a curfew in response to the resistance movement's sabotage. June 30 - The Danes go on strike after the execution of eight resistance fighters.

Third quarter

July

July 3 - Soviet forces occupy Minsk. July 20 - Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler. July 21 - World War II: Battle of Guam begins. July 23 - Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Ma