1945

Article

May 22, 2022

1945 (MCMXLV) in the Gregorian calendar was a year that began on a Monday and was without a shooting day. It followed in 1944 and was followed by 1946.

Events

First quarter

January

January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet Polish government. January 9 - US invades Luzon in the Philippines. January 12 - Norwegian police troops from Sweden enter Finnmark. January 13 - Jørstad railway bridge in Snåsa was blown up: 81 died after train derailment, of which 78 Germans. January 15 - The troop transport ship "Danube" sunk by saboteurs outside Drøbak. January 16 - Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker. January 17 - Soviet forces occupy Warsaw. January 21 - German torpedo warehouse in Horten blown up. January 23 - Norwegian Shell's oil warehouse in Oslo explodes. January 27 - Soviet forces liberate Auschwitz. January 28 - Supplies reach China via the newly created Burma Road. January 30 - The German refugee ship "Wilhelm Gustloff" is torpedoed by a Soviet submarine. Over 9,000 civilians died, only 1252 people were rescued.

February

February 3 - US forces begin siege of the Philippine capital, Manila. February 4 - Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Josef Stalin meet in Yalta, among other things to decide the fate of Germany and Japan after the countries capitulate. February 5 - US General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila. February 8 - State Police Chief Karl Marthinsen liquidated. 29 hostages executed as reprisals. The Norwegian Navy hijacked eleven tugboats from Fredrikstad and a salvage boat from Moss during Operation Polar Bear VI and escorted them to Sweden. February 10 - Soviet forces capture Lignitz and begin siege of Breslau. February 11 - Soviet forces conquer Budapest. The Yalta conference ends. February 13 - Dresden is bombed with huge civilian casualties. Soviet forces conquer Budapest. February 14 - In Oslo, three men from Milorg D13 fell in battle. Six others were arrested and later executed. British and American planes bomb Dresden. Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru join the UN. February 19 - Battle of Iwo Jima begins. About 30,000 American soldiers land on Iwo Jima. February 20 - Quisling begins to mobilize and arm the Shepherd. The plan was to mobilize 12,000 men. February 21 - The liner "Austri" is sunk by British planes off Stord. 18 Norwegians, 17 Russian prisoners and an unknown number of Germans died. February 23 - The naval yard in Horten bombed. Following the American victory in the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of American soldiers climb to the top of Mount Surabachi and are photographed raising the American flag. The photograph later wins the Pulitzer Prize. Soviet and Polish forces celebrate as German forces capitulate in Poznań. The German city of Pforzheim is completely destroyed after a bombing raid by British bombers. February 24 - Egyptian President Ahmed Maher Pasha is assassinated. February 28 - US forces capture Manila.

March

March 2 - US forces reach the Rhine. March 3 - Finland, which had previously been neutral, declares war on the Axis powers. Hundreds of people were killed in The Hague when the Royal Air Force accidentally bombed an area of ​​civilians in the city. March 4 - Norwegian refugees and soldiers on Sørøya were attacked and came into battle with a German landing force. March 5 - In Germany, the 1929 cohort is called up for military service, in a final, desperate attempt by National Socialist Germany to stop the Allies. March 7 - US forces capture the bridge over the Rhine and begin crossing. March 9 - US B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan. The bombing killed at least 100,000 people. March 12 - The German city of Swinemünde is bombed by the Americans. At least 23,000 people died for it