1954

Article

October 17, 2021

1954 (MCMLIV) in the Gregorian calendar was a year without a shooting day that began on a Friday.

Events

Abroad

First quarter

January 1 - First regular color television broadcast in the United States. January 21 - USS "Nautilus", the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, is launched. February 10 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam. February 23 - The first mass polio vaccination begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. February 25 - Coup in Egypt. Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes Prime Minister of Egypt. Military coup in Syria. February 28 - General Mohammed Naguib is re-elected as President of Egypt after three days. March 13–7 May - Battle of Dien Bien Phu: The decisive battle of the First Indochinese War ends in defeat for France. March 19 - The US government orders the burning of all of Wilhelm Reich's books. March 30 - Canada's first subway opens (Toronto).

Second quarter

April 7 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower launches his "domino theory". April 18 - Old Abdel Nasser takes power in Egypt. May 6 - Paraguay coup. May 7 - Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends, the decisive battle of the First Indochinese War ends in defeat for France. May 17 - Racial segregation in schools is banned by the US Supreme Court. June 27 - The world's first nuclear power plant is commissioned in Obninsk, Russia.

Third quarter

July 1 - The remote control is invented. July 7 - WHBQ in Mephis, Tennessee becomes the first radio station to broadcast a song featuring Elvis. July 21 - Ceasefire for Indochina. Vietnam is divided into North Vietnam and South Vietnam. August 16 - The Communist Party is banned in the United States. August 24 - Bank of Israel is founded. September 30 - USS "Nautilus", the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, becomes operational.

Fourth quarter

October 23 - West Germany is recognized as a sovereign state by 15 nations and granted NATO membership. November 14 - President Mohammed Naguib of Egypt is ousted. He is succeeded by Gamal Abdel Nasser. December 23 - First kidney transplant between living patients, by Joseph Murray and others in Boston.

Norway

January 1 - Price regulation of 1939 is repealed. January 12 - First broadcast of television images from Tryvann. February 8 - The British side trawler "Laforey" hits ground at Ytterøyane near Florø. 21 perish. February 13 - Judgment falls in the Supreme Court regarding Nortraship's secret fund. The state is acquitted, and the war sailors are not granted their claim for payment of withheld rent. February 25 - The purse seine «Norddønna» goes down by Marflesa lantern on the Trøndelag coast. Two perish. March 17 - 16 months of conscription is introduced. March 28 - Bjørnøya accident. May 3 - Asbjørn Sunde and Erling Nordby are convicted of treason for espionage in favor of the Soviet Union. May 31 - The solar observatory at Harestua opens. June 30 - Solar eclipse in Norway. July 1 - Child Welfare Act implemented. (Replaced by the Child Welfare Services Act, passed by the Storting on 17 June 1992.) September 22 - The Hurtigruten ship DS «Nordstjernen» runs aground and sinks at Hanøya in Raftsundet. Five perish.

Births

January

4. - Dave Ulliott, English poker player (d. 2015) 6. - Anthony Minghella, British director (d. 2008) 9. - Thorvald Steen, Norwegian author 12. - Jan-Olav Ingvaldsen, Norwegian politician (d. 2021) 17. - Bascha Mika, German editor 19. - Katey Sagal, American actress, singer and author 19. - Cindy Sherman, American artist 20. - Ray Weston, British musician (Wishbone Ash) 21. - Thomas de Maizière, German Conservative Politician 21. - Phil Thompson, English footballer 22. - Bernd Heynemann, German football referee 22. - Rita Tveiten, Norwegian politician 23. - Rune J. Skjælaaen, Norwegian politician 29. - Oprah Winfrey, American talk show host 29

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