Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland (abbreviated AfD, Norwegian translation: «Alternative for Germany») is a political party in Germany. The party is EU-skeptical and is considered right-wing populist / national conservative with right-wing radicals and anti-immigrant elements. In the 2017 election, the party became the third largest in Germany.
The party was established in Berlin in 2013, as a reaction to EU policies to save euro cooperation. The party has its origins in the Eurocritical grouping Wahlalternative 2013. Alternative für Deutschland was founded on 6 February 2013 and held its first national meeting in Berlin on 14 April 2013.
The party received 4.7% of the vote in the federal election in September 2013. It thus failed to exceed the threshold of 5%. In the European Parliament elections in 2014, the AfD won 7% of the vote and 7 of 96 seats. Five of the mentioned seven representatives have since joined the breakaway party ALFA.
AfD was represented in the European Parliament in the 2014 election. The party has achieved representation in all state parliaments in Germany since the elections in Saxony in 2014. In the 2017 election, the party was represented in the Bundestag for the first time.
When AfD entered a German state assembly for the first time in the 2014 Saxony elections, the party received representation in the same year in the state elections in Brandenburg and Thuringia. In 2015, the party was represented in the state elections in Hamburg and Bremen and in 2016 in the elections in Baden-Württemberg, Saxony-Anhalt, Rhineland-Palatinate, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Berlin. In the state elections in 2017, the party was represented in the state parliaments of Saarland, Schleswig-Holstein and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Until 2015, the party's spokespersons were Bernd Lucke, Frauke Petry and Konrad Adam. After a long internal battle, Frauke Petry and Jörg Meuthen were elected equal party leaders in 2015. Bernd Lucke then broke out of the party and formed a new party, ALFA. After the Bundestag election in 2017, where the party won 94 seats, Petry announced that she would not sit in the party group in parliament. During the election campaign, Petry distanced himself from extreme parts of the party. The party received 12.6% of the vote in the federal election in 2017 and became the country's third largest party. Petry resigned in 2017 and Alexander Gauland took her place. In November 2019, Tino Chrupalla was elected as Gauland's successor. The progress in the 2016 elections was assumed to be a consequence of the large influx of refugees to Germany in 2015. At the 2019 European Parliament elections, the party received 11 representatives. In the European Parliament, the party is a member of the group Identity and Democracy. The party was founded to promote Euroscepticism and has this as an important issue, but has over time also gained a more anti-immigrant and especially anti-Muslim profile. Jörg Meuthen resigned as leader in January 2022 and left the party. Meuthen stated that the party had moved too far to the right and had received anti-democratic features.
Political guidelines from 2014
The euro crisis (2010-) was an important trigger for the establishment of AfD. According to the party, the euro crisis is leading to the destruction of democracy, the rule of law, the distribution of power, the social market economy and the idea of European integration. AfD is not considered anti-European, as the party is for a European internal market. However, it is opposed to the monetary union in its current form, and wants Germany to opt out of euro cooperation. However, AfD can accept monetary cooperation between viable economies in Northern and Central Europe. The party's other economic program is generally business liberal. Dept. will reduce bureaucracy and subsidy policy, and simplify tax and health insurance systems. According to the party, the immigration laws should be geared towards the country's need for professionals. AfD does not oppose TTIP, the free trade agreement between the EU and the USA.
The party's conservative sides show up in family policy, where AfD emphasizes the difference between kj�