The Russian-Ukrainian crisis 2021–2022

Article

May 22, 2022

The Russian-Ukrainian crisis 2021–2022, in Norway called the Ukraine crisis and the Ukraine conflict, is an ongoing international diplomatic, political and military conflict in which the neighboring countries Russia and Ukraine are at the center. The crisis is rooted in the Russo-Ukrainian war, which began in February 2014. This war has particularly concerned the status of the Ukrainian regions of Crimea and the Donbas. The conflict flared up again in the spring of 2021 and was further intensified in December 2021, when Russia presented a number of demands to NATO and the West. In the winter of 2022, the crisis further increased in scope when Russia deployed more than 100,000 Russian soldiers to the border areas with Ukraine, where Belarus' territory was also used. This was called the military exercise of the Union's determination-2022. Early in the morning of February 24, 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that the country had launched a "special operation" in the Donbas and a subsequent full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

Development

In 2013, Viktor Yanukovych rejected an agreement on closer cooperation with the EU, after which there were extensive demonstrations (Euromajdan) and Yanukovych fled to Russia. In 2019, Ukraine participated in a NATO exercise and the country aimed at NATO members.

2021

The ongoing crisis erupted in March and April 2021, when Russia deployed thousands of troops and military equipment near the border with Ukraine. This was the largest force build-up in Russia since the country annexed Crimea in 2014. Russia has permanent bases in Rostov, Krasnodar, Crimea (Sebastopol), Soloti, Kursk, Klintsy and Jelnja. New units were added to these locations. In addition, units were deployed in the Novoese (Crimea), Klimovo (Bryansk Oblast) and just north of the border with Kharkiv. The force build-up led to an international crisis and fears that Russia was planning an invasion of Ukraine. Satellite images are said to have shown that Russia, among other things, moved weapons, missiles and other heavy weapons systems towards the Ukrainian border. The forces were partially removed in June of the same year. However, the crisis resurfaced in October and November 2021, when more than 100,000 Russian forces were again moved to the border areas with Ukraine. Russia has justified the build-up of forces with self-defense and deterrence to stop Ukraine from joining closer to the military alliance NATO and the European Union. In December 2021, Russia presented two treaty proposals for Ukraine and NATO. The proposals included what Russia called "security guarantees" - including a legally binding promise that Ukraine would not join NATO. Russia also demanded that NATO reduce its forces and military equipment in Eastern Europe, and threatened an unspecified military response if these requirements were not fully met. Ukraine, the United States and several NATO countries rejected the Russian demands. Several Westerners warned Russia of severe and severe economic sanctions should the country invade Ukraine. US intelligence warned on December 3 that Russia was planning a multi-front invasion of Ukraine.

January 2022

The United States and Russia held bilateral diplomatic talks in January 2022, but they did not succeed in scaling down the conflict. Several other countries, including France, Germany and the United Kingdom, have tried to reduce the level of conflict through negotiations and talks, but also here without reducing the level of conflict. On February 11, 2022, the United States warned that a Russian invasion of Ukraine could take place "at any time." The United States warned on January 14 that Russia was preparing to stage a false flag operation to justify an invasion. British authorities warned on January 23 that Russia was planning a regime change in Ukraine.

February 2022

Putin traveled to Beijing on February 4, where he and Xi Jinping mutually reaffirmed support for each other's foreign policy, including Russian support for China's claim to Taiwan. Putin's visit to Beijing was in connection with the opening of the 2022 Winter Olympics (where Russia in