December 8, 2021
The EU space program was established in 2021 and includes space activities for the period 2021–2027. The program involves a further development of Galileo / EGNOS (satellite navigation) and Copernicus (Earth observation). The new program will also include the new sub-programs GOVSATCOM (Secure Satellite Communications for Government Purposes) and SSA (Space Surveillance). With the introduction of the space program, a new EU space programs agency (EUSPA) was also established. This replaces and expands the former GNSS agency. At its establishment, the space program included the following sub-programs: Galileo: An independent, global satellite navigation system (GNSS) under civilian control EGNOS: A regional satellite navigation system under civilian control Copernicus: An independent, user-driven Earth observation system under civilian control (SWE) and Near-Earth Objects (NEO) GOVSATCOM: Satellite communications services under civilian control for security-critical government use The program components Galileo, EGNOS, Copernicus and the sub-components SWE and NEO in SSA are open for participation by EFTA members who are members of the EEA. As of 2021, the SST component of the SSA program was not open to participation by third countries without a special agreement.