Edward VIII of Great Britain
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George George Andrew Patrick David Windsor; born 23 June 1894 at the White Lodge in Richmond upon Thames in England, died 28 May 1972 in Paris, France) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, Commonwealth and Emperor of India from January 20, 1936 until he abdicated on December 11 of that year.
He was the eldest son of George V of Great Britain and Mary of Teck. His father was the second son of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII, and the Princess of Wales (former Princess Alexandra of Denmark). His mother was the eldest daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck. therefore titled His Royal Highness from birth.
Edward was crowned Prince of Wales in 1911, trained as a naval officer and served during World War I on the Western Front. King of Great Britain, Ireland and other British dominions as well as Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 to his abdication on 11 December 1936. Governor of the Bahamas 1940–45.
His official title as reigning king was Edward the Eighth, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.
A constitutional crisis arose in November 1936 when Edvard wanted to marry the American Wallis Simpson, who had been married twice before. Since she was divorced, it was unacceptable for both the government and the people that she could become queen. On December 11, 1936, Edward abdicated and moved to France.
On March 8, 1937, he received from his brother and successor, George VI of Great Britain, the title Duke of Windsor, a title that went to the grave with him. Edward and Mrs. Simpson were married on June 3, 1937, in a private ceremony near Tours, France.
Popular but superficial
Edward was very popular as the Prince of Wales, and was considered the world's most coveted bachelor.
His somewhat superficial charm obscured the fact that he was politically very reactionary, and had ideas of a king's power and authority that would not be compatible with a modern constitutional monarchy.
It has since emerged that he was very friendly with the German Nazis, and could well imagine a role as reinstated king in England if Adolf Hitler had won World War II. That he was sent as governor to the Bahamas during the war was perceived by both him and others as a pure exile, probably carried out by Winston Churchill to avoid the former king blaming himself too much in front of the Axis powers, something he had done until then.
Edward died of throat cancer in 1972 in Paris, and his body was sent back to Britain where he was buried in Frogmore, near Windsor.
Edward was born on June 23, 1894 in the White Lodge Palace in Richmond Park, on the outskirts of London, during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria. Her parents were at this time Duke and Duchess of York. His mother, Mary, was the eldest daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck (Franz and Maria Adelaide). As the great-grandson of the monarch in the male descending line, Edward was named His Royal Highness Prince Edward of York and was the third in line to inherit, after his grandfather and father.
He was baptized Edward Albert Christian George George Andrew Patrick David in the Green Drawing Room of the White Lodge on July 16, 1894, by Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury. His name was chosen in memory of his late uncle Edward, in the family called "Eddy", and his great-grandfather King Christian IX of Denmark. Albert was included at the suggestion of Queen Victoria, and the last four names - George, Andrew, Patrick and David - referred to the patron saints of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. The name David was always used in his circle of friends.
As was the custom in most upper-class homes, parents left much of the parenting responsibility to nannies, governesses, and home teachers. One of Edward's first governesses mis