Erfurt

Article

January 20, 2022

Erfurt is the capital of the German state of Thuringia. The city has 210,271 inhabitants (2015). The city is first mentioned 742 under the name Erphesfurt and it was in the Middle Ages an important trading city. In 1803, Erfurt became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Erfurt was surrounded by Thuringia, but remained Prussian until 1945. After German reunification, Erfurt became the capital of the restored state of Thuringia. On Domplatz in the city center, the two church buildings Mariendom and Severikirche stand side by side. Erfurt is the seat of Thuringia's Landtag and of Germany's Federal Supreme Court of Labor Law, Bundesarbeitsgericht.

Sights

Augustinian Monastery, where Martin Luther lived as a monk from 1505–11.Anger Square. Here are a number of notable buildings such as the Ursulinen Monastery, Kaufmannskirche, Kaufhaus Römischer Kaiser, etc. - In the building next to the Ursulinen Monastery, Alexander I was met by Russia and Napoleon in 1809, and Sweden lost Finland here. Ursulinen Monastery - from 1136 ¨on the central square 'Anger' (Tram junction in the city). Severely damaged in bombing in 1944, but rebuilt. Kaufmannskirche - where the parents of Johann Sebastian Bach were married, Krämerbrücke, a bridge that crosses the river Gera, covered with buildings. It was built in 1325 with a church on each side - one still exists. Dom- and Severikirke. In Mariendom, Luther was married as a priest, and according to tradition met the devil. 70 steps lead to these two monumental churches which stand on a small mountain. The cathedral was founded in 1154 and was expanded between 1349 and 1372. In the church is Gloriosa, the world's largest free-swinging bell from the Middle Ages. The watch is from 1497 and weighs 11,450 kg. Severikirken was built between 1278 and around 1400. Other churches, in the old town there are 20 medieval churches. Among them Preaching Church from 1270 with a unique acoustics. Fischmarkt, the square is located right in the center. There you will find the neo-Gothic town hall and two Renaissance houses: Haus zum Roten Ochsen from 1562 and Haus zum Breiten Herd from 1584. Christmas market - the coziest is on the Wenige Markt - close to the Fischmarkt, surrounded by beautiful Renaissance houses and lots of light. The Christmas market at Domplatz is large and previously named Germany's best. The Petersberg fortress towers majestically over the Domplatz. The Franks built the first fortification here. The Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus used it as his main base during the Thirty Years' War 1618-1648. After World War II used as headquarters for the Stasi. The main street - between the Domplatz, the Fischmarkt and the train station. The first half is on both sides adorned with Renaissance houses with typical Renaissance colors in pastel and beautiful full-size reliefs. The alleys - especially in the area between Domplatz and Fischmarkt - consist of part of old Erfurt with narrow alleys and inns. City Museum - Stadtmuseum: Haus zum Stockfisch (stockfish house) in Johannesstraße 169 is well worth a visit. Erfurt was an industrial city especially in mechanics, but that business disappeared after 1989.

Sports

The city's ice rink Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann Halle from 2001 was named after the skater born in Erfurt. Erfurt is one of Germany's three major skating centers. The other two are Inzell and Berlin.

People from Erfurt

Johann Bernhard Bach (1676–1749), cousin of Johann Sebastian Bach Heinrich Hübschmann (1848–1908), orientalist. Max Weber (1864–1920), sociologist. Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann (1966-), ice skater.

Cities of friendship

Erfurt is a friendly city with Győr in Hungary, Haifa in Israel, Kalisz in Poland, Lille in France, Lovetj in Bulgaria, Mainz in Germany, San Miguel de Tucumán in Argentina, Shawnee in the state of Kansas in the USA, Vilnius in Lithuania and Yan'an in People's Republic of China.

References

External links

Official website (en) Erfurt - category of images, video or audio on Commons (en) Erfurt - gallery of images, video or audio on Commons

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