Fidel V. Ramos

Article

August 13, 2022

Fidel "Eddie" Valdez Ramos, also known as FVR, (born March 18, 1928 in Lingayen, died July 31, 2022 in Makati) was a Filipino officer and politician of the Lakas Kampi CMD party. From 1992 to 1998, he served as the twelfth president of the Philippines, during which time many believed he had revamped the country's economy. Ramos, who was a Methodist, was at the time of his death the only non-Catholic president the Philippines had had. Among other things, he had a background as a professor at the Methodist educational institution Wesleyan University - Philippines in Cabanatuan City on Luzon.

Life and work

Background

Fidel Valdez Ramos was the son of Narciso Ramos, journalist, lawyer long-standing member of the House of Representatives, and foreign minister who in 1967 co-signed the ASEAN Treaty in Bangkok. Through his mother, teacher and feminist Angela Valdez, he was related to President Ferdinand Marcos.

Military running track

West Point and the Korean War

In 1946, Ramos started his military career. He received officer training at the military academy at West Point in the United States. After graduating from West Point in 1950, a course of study at the University of Illinois followed, which he completed already in 1951 as a civil engineer. During the Korean War, from 1952 to 1953 he was a lieutenant and head of an infantry training.

Further education and the Vietnam War

After the Korean War, he continued his engineering studies. He then received further military training in United States Army units at Fort Benning in Georgia and Fort Bragg in North Carolina. At Fort Bragg, in 1960 he was the best graduate of his batch in the subject "special units, psychological warfare and air transport". After returning home, he became in 1962 the founder of and from 1965 commander of the special forces in the Philippine Army (AFP-SF). It was about a paratrooper group that was deployed in the fight against communist insurgents. On the US Army's side, from 1966 to 1968 during the Vietnam War, he was chief of staff for the Philippine force contingent ("Philippine Civil Action Group"/AFP-PHILCAG).

The Marcos regime and support for Corazon Aquino

Between 1968 and 1970 he was deputy chief of staff for the Home Guard. In 1970, he became chief of the Philippine Constabulary, then part of the Philippine Defense Forces, but later part of the regular Philippine Police. In 1984 he became lieutenant general and deputy and acting chief of the general staff. During his long tenure, Ramos, despite the kinship ties that demanded his loyalty to President Ferdinand Marcos, gradually became critical of the president and his regime. As the situation became more critical, towards the end of January 1986 he, like then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, refused to accompany the president, and they supported during the following weeks the protests against the Marcos regime during the EDSA Revolution. This enabled the inauguration of Corazon Aquino as president; she was the widow of the murdered opposition politician Benigno Aquino. Fidel V. Ramos soon reached the pinnacle of his military career when, in February 1986, after the fall of President Marcos, he was appointed by President Corazon Aquino as General and Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. In January 1988, Fidel Ramos ended his active military career and succeeded Juan Ponce Enrile as Minister of Defense. He held this position until 1991. During this time he advocated for stronger disaster preparedness and for national security and order. At the same time, in the government cabinet, he had particular responsibility for regional development in the south-west of the Philippines.

President 1992 to 1998

In 1992, Fidel Ramos was elected president in the first multi-party presidential election in the history of the Philippines. On 30 June 1992, he was sworn in as the country's 12th president. He was the first non-Catholic president of the country. During his six-year tenure, Ramos strove to erase the scars left by the 20-year Marcos rule