Frederik VI of Denmark and Norway
Frederik VI (born 28 January 1768, died 3 December 1839) was King of Denmark 1808–1839 and of Norway 1808–1814. He was the son of Christian VII and Caroline Mathilde.
On July 31, 1790, Crown Prince Frederik married at Gottorp Castle his cousin Marie Sophie, daughter of Count Karl of Hesse and Christian VII's sister Louise. They had eight children, six of whom died young. No boys survived, only two daughters: Caroline (1793 - 1881) and Vilhelmine (1808–91). The couple had no grandchildren.
Frederik VI also had the last official royal mistress in Denmark, Bente Rafsted. She was given the name Mrs. Frederikke Dannemand, at the same time as in 1829 she was given the rank of colonel. Their relationship, which was more or less accepted by the queen, lasted for more than 30 years. They had four children together: Louise Frederikke (b. 1810), Caroline Augusta (1812–44), Frederik Vilhelm (1813–88) and Frederik Valdemar (1819–35).
Due to his father's condition, Frederick VI was in fact regent from 1784. He had a sad childhood. After her mother, Queen Caroline Mathilde, was exiled to Germany, and her lover Struensee was arrested and executed in 1772, the 4-year-old Frederik was left with an insane father, who was unable to take care of him. In Struensee's time, Frederik had also been subjected to a harsh upbringing as recommended in Rousseau's book Émile - do not talk to the child beyond what is strictly necessary, do not come because he is crying and let the child find out things on his own, even if it can hurt seg.
The Crown Prince as acting regent
After a coup, he was admitted to the cabinet in 1784, where he became crown prince regent for his insane father until 1808. As acting regent, he initiated at the request of Andreas Peter Bernstorff, the lawyer Christian Colbjørnsen and the brothers Christian and Ludvig Reventlow reforms that led to the peasants release from the staff band and transition to self-ownership. On June 20, 1788, the staff band was lifted for 14-36 year old men, who had not yet been soldiers, first with effect from the year 1800. The peasants were now free citizens who could travel wherever they wanted.
After Bernstorff's death in 1797, the Crown Prince gained more direct influence over the government. He was against the freedom of the press that Bernstorff had introduced, and reintroduced censorship in 1799, which remained in force until the autocracy was abolished in 1848. On September 25, 1790, when the Crown Prince arrived in Copenhagen with his German bride, it was also celebrated in the Shooting Club's premises in Vesterbro. Peter Andreas Heiberg declared on that occasion:
Ord'ner you hang on idiots - star and ties you only give the nobility. However, if you have the brain - you can - do without order and star.
These lines became so popular among people that Frederik VI reintroduced censorship with the words:
I welcome the fact that these gentlemen are being addressed. Only no mercy! On Christmas Eve 1799 itself, Heiberg was sentenced to deportation for life, and had to travel to Paris in a hurry, where he settled. (today's Oslo). The university had this name until 1936, when it changed its name to the University of Oslo (Universitas Osloensis).
At this time there was a general desire to have mailboxes hung up, but Frederik VI was prevented from doing so, because he feared that "crazy people" would mail letters to people who did not exist and thus give the postal service a lot of unnecessary trouble. Then the philologist J.J. Steam and his friend, blacksmith H.C. Jørgensen in 1820 founded a company to promote democracy, Frederik assumed that it could lead to a state overthrow, which did not serve his interests. Both were arrested. Dr. Dampe was sentenced to life in prison, although he would much rather have been exiled as P.A. Heiberg or even sentenced to death. He served time at Kastellet in Copenhagen and was subjected to gross violence and iso