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July 5, 2022

Hitra (from Old Norse Hitr or Hitrar where the meaning is "split" from the mainland) is a coastal and island municipality in Trøndelag which is located south of the inlet to Trondheimsfjorden. The municipality consists of the large island of Hitra, several smaller islands and a small area on the mainland. To the north are the island and the municipality of Frøya and to the east the municipalities of Ørland and Orkland. To the south, on the mainland, are Heim and Aure, while Smøla lies to the west. The sea area that separates Hitra from Frøya is called Frøyfjorden. Trondheimsleia separates Hitra from the mainland and Ramsøyfjorden separates Smøla from Hitra. A person from Hitra is called a hitter

Geography

The island of Hitra is Norway's seventh largest (excluding Svalbard) and the largest south of Lofoten. The island's land area is 568.72 km², while the municipality's area is 680 km². The highest point is Vingfjellet, 526 masl, which is located on the mainland at the border with Orkland municipality. Hitra has about 7,000 lakes and ponds and many have fishable stocks of trout and char, in addition to a few salmon rivers with good fishing. The island also has one of Northern Europe's largest deer tribes (the one with the highest individual density), and the landowners have had good extra income from renting hunting rights since the 19th century. Up to 1000 deer are shot every year. In addition, there are a significant number of deer and a small population of moose. Hitra municipality consists of 2,500 islands, islets and reefs, most of them uninhabited. The largest islands around Hitra with a road connection to the main island have a significant population. Fjellværsøya is the largest and got a road connection that replaced the ferry to Fillan on fixed Hitra in 1992 when the Fjellværøy connection as part of the mainland connection Hitra – Frøya was opened, Dolmøya in the north got a road connection in 1961 and a ferry connection to Frøya. Helgebostad in Straumfjorden, which on the south side is only separated from fixed Hitra by a few meters, was not built until 1983. The Bispøyan archipelago northwest of Kvenvær and several smaller islands were evacuated in the period after the 1960s. In addition to the island of Hitra and the other nearby islands and islets, Hitra also includes the Sunde area on the mainland, which was part of Snillfjord municipality before the municipal merger on 1 January 2020. Protected Areas Grytelva nature reserve, established in 2001 Havmyran nature reserve, established in 1982 Sjømyråsen nature reserve, established in 1987 Helgebostadøya nature reserve, established in 1992

Built on Hitra

The municipality's largest town is Fillan, the municipal center in the former municipality of the same name, and which has mainly had its growth in business and population as a result of the municipal merger in 1964. Among the largest settlements in general are Hestvika and Sandstad on Innhitra, Kvenvær and Forsnes in the south and west, Melandsjøen and Dolmøya in the north and Fillan, Ansnes, Fjellvær on Fjellværøy and Knarrlagsund in the northwest. The sea was the connecting vein of the settlements until the development of landward connections. The first road went from Hamn on Innhitra to Hopsjø on Uthitra, and was called Postveien. It was started in the 1840s and completed in 1849. Originally, the plan was for it to go where the old postal path went, but it was eventually changed via Fillfjorden and Barmfjorden and eventually became 30.1 km long. The old road over Hitra is one of the longest preserved of the old county roads and was used until 1962, when the new National Road 714 over Hitra was completed. The preserved part is about 10 km and runs from Lakselva by Fillan to Akset on Innhitra. The largest development and improvement of the roads on the island took place especially as emergency work in the 1930s. The first car ferry connection from the mainland to Hitra went from Kristiansund to Forsnes. In 1964, a ferry connection was established to Sandstad from Storoddan by Kyrksæterøra. The ferry connection to Sandstad was later rerouted to Sunde in Snillfjord after the development of Highway 714 from Orkanger to Hitra and Frøya in the late 60s.

Municipality

Municipality