Humphrey DeForest Bogart (born 25 December 1899 in New York City, died 14 January 1957 in Los Angeles, California of cancer of the throat) was an American actor. Among his films are The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca and African Queen. For the latter film he received career only Oscar. In 1999 he was named the greatest male movie legend of the American Film Institute.
Bogart was the son of Belmont (1867-1934) and Maud Bogart (1865-1940). The surname is Dutch and means orchid. Belmont was surgeon, while Maud was designer and eventually editor of a fashion magazine. Both parents, especially the mother, served well, and Humphrey Bogart was thus an upbringing that materially stands in stark contrast to the characters he was later known. However, the ratio in small degree by emotion, and more of krangling.Bogart showed little or no interest in academic studies, and after the parents failed attempts to get him to study, he chose himself to join the Navy and serve there at the end of the first World War. After this time he became involved through friends in show business, mostly very easy legged comedies. Bogart excelled not particularly in those roles, but rather in life behind the productions, where he joined the bars that sold alcohol illegally. Whether it was in his time in the Navy is uncertain, but it is likely that around this time he received his distinctive scar on his face. David Niven claimed that Bogart had said it was from an accident as a child.
After the stock market crash of 1929 it became increasingly difficult to set up plays, and most actors moved towards film. Bogart began his career in film in 1928 with the film The Dancing Town, a film that has never been found in its entirety. However, it was his role on Broadway in the theater production The Petrified Forest who gave him attention and made his career. Film career began with a wide range of B-movies, where he mostly played the same role, that is a gangster. As Warner Bros. had no plans to use Bogart fit, he played mostly supporting roles, and James Cagney, Edward G. Robinson and several other film stars who have since become far less known, took the lead roles.
The big change came when Bogart was given the lead role, albeit because several of the above declined, the film High Sierra (1941). It was based on a novel by William Riley Burnett, as John Huston had rewritten the film. With Bogart starring got the movie and especially Bogart, good reviews. In the next film of a certain size played Bogart Huston directorial debut, a film which earned both instantaneous A-celebrity status. The Maltese Falcon (1941) was based on the book of the same name by crime writer Dashiell Hammett, and is about detective Sam Spade who are drawn into a desperate game about a package astray. Bogart had through their many roles as gangster spent a lot of time to perfect the role that eventually became his trademark: the tough man who really had conscience, but it was well hidden behind a very tough exterior.
Bogart was thus reserved for A-movies, and his next major film was an even bigger success. Casablanca (1942) was Bogart's first film as the protagonist in a romantic movie. His strained relationship with his ex-girlfriend, his feigned neutrality, his ability to balance between all factions who demanded absolute loyalty, have long since gone into the Hollywood mythology as one of the most famous stories. After these films came four films with Bogart's future wife Lauren Bacall: Having and not having (1944), The big sleep (1946), Dark passage (1947) and Storm Warning (1948). He also created the Sierra Madres tax (1948), a film devoid of romance and happy endings. The film won the Oscar, but no one was hit with audiences. In 1951 made Bogart movie The African Queen with Katharine Hepburn. The film became a