January 20, 2022
Kingston is the capital of Jamaica, and with 937,700 inhabitants (figures from 2011) the country's largest city. The city is located in the southeast of the country, and has a natural harbor protected by the Palisadoes, a long sandbank that connects Port Royal and the international airport with the rest of the island. The city was founded in 1693 by the English, after the former capital Port Royal was severely damaged by an earthquake. Kingston has also been hit by a powerful earthquake; On January 14, 1907, an earthquake wreaked havoc and killed more than 1,000 people. In 1872, the city officially became the seat of administration for the British colonial government, and it retained its capital status when Jamaica became independent in 1962. In addition to being the seat of the Jamaican government, the University of the West Indies, opened in 1948, is also located in Kingston. Kingston consists of two main parts: Downtown, with the historic city, and New Kingston. In the latter district is one of the city's biggest tourist attractions, the Bob Marley Museum, located in the home of reggae legend. Other attractions include the beaches of Hellshire and Lime Cay, the National Gallery of Jamaica and Devon House, a stately home with parks that once belonged to Jamaica's first black millionaire. Kingston has two airports, Norman Manley International Airport and a smaller domestic airport at Tinson Pen.