Margrethe II of Denmark

Article

January 26, 2022

Margrethe II of Denmark (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the reigning queen of Denmark. Until 1944 she was also Princess of Iceland. She belongs to the northern German princely house Glücksburg, and is the third cousin of Harald V of Norway. On June 10, 1967, Margrethe married the French count's son Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, from then on called Prince Henrik. Together they had sons Crown Prince Frederik, born May 26, 1968, and Prince Joachim, born June 7, 1969. Margrethe has two sisters: Benedikte of Denmark, born 1944, married to Richard zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Anne-Marie of Denmark , born 1946, married Constantine II of Greece.

Succession

As a result of the parents, Fredrik IX and Ingrid, not having a son who could be heir to the throne, Margrethe eventually succeeded her father as monarch. The king's younger brother, Knud, was heir apparent, and after him his eldest son, Ingolf. Many would like to see Margrethe on the throne. For some years, the Folketing had considered changing the Danish constitution, but had left it at that, as a change required that 45% of the people with the right to vote should vote for it. Prime Minister Erik Eriksen got the idea to include female succession in the change, so that more people would vote in favor. Although almost the entire Folketing was in favor of the change, and despite the royal house's popularity, the change was only just adopted, with 46% participation. The Succession Act of 1953 led to Princess Margrethe becoming the first in the succession. She became queen in 1972, and in January 2012 celebrated her fortieth government anniversary.

Other

Among Queen Margrethe's orders is also the Grand Cross with a chain of the Order of St. Olav. Margrethe has artistic interests and abilities. In 1977, under the pseudonym Ingahild Grathmer, she illustrated a Danish edition of J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings. Since then, she has illustrated other books, designed costumes for theater and film, and designed and embroidered shotguns and episcopal robes for several churches and dioceses. Her paintings have also achieved good prices, and she has had several exhibitions.

Decorations

Queen Margrethe II holds a number of Danish and foreign orders and awards:

Danish decorations

Knight of the Order of the Elephant Grand Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog The commemorative medal for King Frederik IX's 100th birthday The commemorative medal for King Frederik X's 100th birthday Queen Ingrid's Memorial Medal Commemorative medal on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Queen Ingrid's arrival in Denmark Home Guard merit badge The Home Guard's 25th anniversary sign Civil Defense Association badge of honor The Reserve Officers' Association in Denmark's badge of honor

Foreign decorations

Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator San Martin, Argentina Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold, Belgium Large cross with chain of the Order of the Southern Cross, Brazil Big band of the Order of the Stara Planina, Bulgaria Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of Chile, Chile Large cross with chain of the Order of the Terra Mariana Cross, Estonia 1st Class of the Order of Righteousness, Egypt Chain of the Order of the Nile, Egypt Grand Cross with chain of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, Finland Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor, France Grand Cross of the Savior's Order, Greece 1st class of the Order of Saint Olga and Saint Sofia, Greece 2nd Class of the Order of the Pleiades, Iran Grand Cross with chain of the Icelandic Falcon Order, Iceland Grand Cross with chain of the Republic of Italy's Order of Merit, Italy Chain of the Chrysanthemum Order, Japan 1st Class of the Order of the Precious Crown, Japan Al-Hussein bin Ali Order, Jordan The Order of Yugoslavia's big star, Yugoslavia Grand Cross with chain of the Order of the Three Stars, Latvia Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great, Lithuania The Nassau House Order of the Golden Lion, Luxembourg Grand Cross with chain of the Alaouite Order, Morocco Grand Cross of the Order of the Dutch Lion, The Netherlands 1st class of Nepal's honorary decoration, Nepal Grand Cross with chain of the Order of St. Olav, Norway King Olav Vs anniversary medal 1957–1982, Norway King Harald Vs anniversary medal 1991–2016, Norway The white island

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