NASA

Article

May 22, 2022

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a US federal agency with tasks related to aerospace and aviation. The agency was established in 1958 as a direct result of the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik 1. NASA has about 18,000 employees and is headquartered in Washington, DC. NASA is behind great achievements, such as the Apollo program that sent humans to the moon for the first time. NASA was also behind the Mercury program and the Gemini program.

History

The establishment

On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the world's first man-made satellite into orbit, Sputnik 1. Members of the US Congress became very concerned about the potential threat to American security and technological leadership, and urged President Dwight D. Eisenhower to do something. After several months of debate, it was agreed that a new federal agency was needed with responsibility for all non-military activity in the room. NASA began operations on October 1, 1958 with four laboratories and 8,000 employees from the country's 46-year-old research body for aeronautics, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).

Directors

T. Keith Glennan (1958–1961) James E. Webb (1961–1968) Thomas O. Paine (1969–1970) James C. Fletcher (1971–1977) Robert A. Frosch (1977–1981) James M. Beggs (1981–1985) James C. Fletcher (1986–1989) Richard H. Truly (1989–1992) Daniel S. Goldin (1992–2001) Sean O'Keefe (2001–2005) Michael Griffin (2005–2009) Charles F. Bolden (2009–2017) James F. Bridenstine (2018–)

See also

Administrator of NASA European Space Agency (ESA) Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center North American X-15

References

Sources

TIME: The Sadly Familiar Reason NASA Was Created (by Lily Rothman, July 29, 2015) Visited October 21, 2018

External links

NASA's official website