National Park

Article

July 5, 2022

A national park is a major area protection that a state implements to preserve important natural values. The national parks will first and foremost limit human activities and development, as a facilitation for outdoor life and non-motorized traffic. Within a national park, on the other hand, there may be sub-areas with stricter area protection, such as one or more nature reserves, biotope protection areas or natural monuments. Hunting, camping and outdoor life are usually allowed on certain conditions in a national park, but in general it is important not to disturb the wildlife there unnecessarily.

National parks in different countries

The world's oldest national park is Yellowstone in the United States. It was created to take care of the wildlife in the area, but also because of the volcanic landscapes with geysers and hot springs. Some famous foreign national parks Etosha National Park (Namibia) Ngorongoro Nature Reserve (Tanzania) Serengeti National Park (Tanzania) Banff National Park (Canada) Yellowstone National Park (USA) Yosemite National Park (USA)

National parks in Norway

In Norway, national parks are a medium or not very strict form of protection. A weaker protection is landscape protection area, while stricter protection is called either a biotope protection area or a nature reserve. The national parks generally have a greater cultural impact than biotope conservation areas and nature reserves. In the national parks, in principle, all cultural monuments worthy of protection must be taken care of. In contrast to landscape conservation areas, biotope conservation areas and nature reserves, national parks are also usually of significant size. They can include large mountain areas, islands and valleys and more. According to Norwegian law, a national park must also mainly consist of state land. Norway's first national park was Rondane National Park, which was established in 1962. The largest national park on the mainland is Hardangervidda National Park, which is about 3,422 km². At the beginning of 2016, mainland Norway had 39 national parks, with a total area of ​​approximately 25,000 km². Thus, 7% of the mainland is protected as a national park. In Norway, national parks are established in accordance with section 35 of the Biodiversity Act, and are adopted by so-called royal resolution. The county governors are the administrative authority for most national parks.

Svalbard

On Svalbard, there are seven national parks totaling 14,500 km², and a total of 24% of Svalbard is protected as a national park. The protected areas on Svalbard are anchored in the Svalbard Environment Act, and the Governor of Svalbard is the administrative authority.

See also

List of national parks in Germany List of national parks in Slovakia

External links

The Biodiversity Act (Lovdata) Naturbasen (Norwegian Environment Agency) Environmental status in Norway: National parks on map Environmental status in Norway: Protected nature