National Academy of Sciences
November 28, 2021
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is an American Academy of Sciences. Members work pro bono as "advisors to the nation on science, engineering and medicine." NAS was founded by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 during the American Civil War to "investigate, investigate and report in science or the arts." The Academy has a very strong role in American society, and conducts research on direct commission both the White House to other public institutions and departments. NAS (2006) consists of about 2000 members and 350 foreign associates. Of the latter, 200 are Nobel Prize winners. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) is the academy's official journal. Norwegians who have been elected as foreign associates in NAS are Per Andersen (1994), Agnar Sandmo (2009), Johan P. Olsen (2011), Edvard Moser (2014) and May-Britt Moser (2014). Previous members include the physicist Vilhelm Bjerknes, the mathematician Sophus Lie, the oceanographer Bjørn Helland-Hansen, the oceanographer Harald Ulrik Sverdrup and the political scientist Stein Rokkan. Among other things, the academy awards the Charles Doolittle Walcott Medal to stimulate research on life and history in the pre-Cambrian and Cambrian periods.