Norge i Eurovision Song Contest

Article

May 19, 2022

Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest began with participation in 1960, and the country has participated every year since, except in 1970 and 2002. Norway has won the Eurovision Song Contest three times, but at the same time came in last in a final eleven times - more than any other country . Norway has also received zero points four times, only Austria has the same number. The long series of poor placements in the 1960s and 1970s came to an abrupt end in 1985, when Bobbysocks secured Norway's first victory in the competition with "Let it swing". This was followed by a new victory in 1995 with Secret Garden and «Nocturne», and most recently in 2009 with Alexander Rybak's «Fairytale». Norway has arranged the competition three times: Grieg Hall in Bergen in 1986, Oslo Spektrum in 1996 and Telenor Arena in 2010. NRK broadcasts the competition in Norway, and is behind the national singing competition Melodi Grand Prix. The winner will represent Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest. After the year 2000, Norway's results in the Eurovision Song Contest have continued to fluctuate, with three last places, one victory and another three places in the top five. After the introduction of semi-finals in 2004, Norway has been knocked out in the semi-finals three times: in 2007, 2011 and 2016. Since 2013, however, Norway has been in the top ten five times, most recently with sixth place to KEiiNO and "Spirit in the Sky" in 2019 Norway also won the telephone poll this year.

History

NRK is responsible for selecting the Norwegian contribution, and has the broadcasting rights to the Eurovision Song Contest in Norway. The Norwegian contribution is selected through the annual, national singing competition Melodi Grand Prix. As of 2022, Norway has participated 60 times in the Eurovision Song Contest. Norway debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1960, almost half a year before the official opening of television in Norway. The country got off to a good start when Nora Brockstedt sang Norway into fourth place with "Voi Voi". For the next two years, Norway remained in the top ten, but in 1963 came the first last place, when Anita Thallaug got 0 points with "Solhverv".

Sobriety and professional juries

In the 1960s and 1970s, NRK maintained its non-commercial approach to the competition. The focus should be on melody and lyrics, not shows and choreography, which characterized the Norwegian finals and songs for many years. In 1979, NRK went so far as to strip the entire studio of scenery and ask artists and musicians quietly in everyday clothes. The point was to draw attention to the song, not all the wrapping around. This general attitude, combined with skepticism in the Norwegian music scene, probably contributed to Norway ending up with contributions that did not appeal to the European juries. Nor with the TV viewers did the Norwegian contributions become any hits, for example only three of the Norwegian winning songs appeared on the VG list in the period 1961–1976. Norway's weak efforts and the songs' lack of success have been explained in various ways. In 1975, Terje Rypdal stated to VG: «To me, it may seem as if people are completely committed when it comes to the Melodi Grand Prix. Then you think exactly as you have done in recent years. Innovation seems almost unheard of. " in Rypdal. Veteran Kirsti Sparboe thought the organizer himself had to take the blame: «NRK does not know what Norway wants. Wobbles and wobbles, looking for solutions. " She also thought that the professional juries were reluctant and biased: "It is for the audience the melodies are made, not for jury members with varying backgrounds and interests… and antipathies", she said in her biography from 1984. Melodi Grand Prix expert Kato M. Hansen also points out on the Norwegian expert juries as one of the reasons for Norway's poor placements in the 1970s. Not least because the professional juries judged the Norwegian songs on the basis of their expert premises: “That was the main reason why Norway did so poorly in the 1970s. Not that the contributions themselves were bad, but they were thrown to the wolves when they then came out in Europe and had to compete on completely different terms than in Norway ",