Cord fork is a needlework tool used to tie strings of thread, fabric or yarn. Various terms are used about the technique of making strings on a string fork, including "weaving", "tying" and "knitting with two stitches", in addition to different dialect expressions. The fork has two tines that are often designed to have a lyre-shaped appearance (Figure 1). Cordless forks are available in a number of different designs, both in terms of material, shape and size.
Snorgaffelteknikken is Østensjø Husflidslag's project in Norges Husflidslag's national charity «Red List», where knowledge of traditional handicraft techniques is taken care of and passed on.
The technique is similar to simple knitting or crochet. The string fork is held in one hand, while the other carries the thread alternately around one and the other tine, and lifts the new mask over the previous one. It is possible to make strings with a slightly different design, depending on how the thread is twisted around the tines. The most common technique gives a solid lace with a square cross-section and is relatively inelastic. Each side of the lace looks like a braid.Dr. Kristin Oppenheim described in 1942 a rope fork-like tool, where in addition to the fork itself, a thick iron wire is used. The string is knitted around it, and when the iron wire is pulled out, the string becomes more elastic than if you knitted it without the iron wire. for children and young people. Rope forks can also be used for gimping.
Prevalence and history
It is not known when and where the string fork was first used, but this type of tool may have been developed in several societies, independently of each other, as a relief for the static load you get by twisting strings by hand, between thumb and forefinger . Oppenheim (1942) mentions the Upper Volta in Africa as a site for the discovery of a string fork (of unknown age), but in most sources European examples are mentioned.
There are no definite finds of string forks from archaeological excavations. The tool is no more complicated than that people may have used any branch with two twigs or part of a horn with two thorns to twist strings. The earliest traces of the use of a processed rope fork in Scandinavia have possibly been found in Sweden. During an excavation of the medieval part of the town of Lödöse on the west coast, a tool was found that is designed as a large string fork with the wire hole that is characteristic of several string forks. From Denmark there is written documentation that the string fork technique was at least known in the 17th century. In 1664, Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, daughter of King Christian IV, was imprisoned in the Blue Tower, suspected of being complicit in treason. While in captivity, she made a simple string fork from a wooden spoon with a broken spoon blade. She tore the silk for the lace ribbons from the bottom edge of her nightgown. She herself has written about this in the autobiographical book Jammers Minde, which she began writing while in prison.
During archaeological excavations, several artifacts have been found that may have been used to make strings with a square cross-section, but there are few reliable examples. Often it is only possible wear around the peaks / spikes that can show whether the tool has been used for snort extraction. During the excavation of a Viking woman's grave on Gotland in 1966, two examples of strings were found. During reconstruction, it has been concluded that they are made on a precursor for the string fork. In tombs from the older Middle Ages, small hollow tubes made from the thighs or calves of cows or other animals have been found. The pipes have two or three spikes at one end (figure 2). It is believed that strings were made on them, as on the string fork, by twisting a bow