USA

Article

November 28, 2021

The United States of America, officially the United States or the United States, is a federal republic in North America consisting of 50 states, the Federal District of Columbia (which is also the capital and is better known as Washington, DC) and a number of smaller territories. The 48 states that make up the continental United States border Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. The United States has an area of ​​9,526,517 square kilometers. This makes the United States the world's fourth largest country, after Russia, Canada and China. The United States has about 325 million inhabitants per. 2017, which also makes the country the world's third most populous, surpassed only by China and India. The federation originally consisted of thirteen colonies that seceded from Britain in 1776. During the 19th century, the United States expanded greatly to the west, while the country received large numbers of immigrants from all over Europe. Immigrants - who have come from all over the world since the 20th century - have made American society demographically very heterogeneous, and the country consists of very many different ethnic and religious groups. After World War II, the United States became one of the world's two "superpowers" alongside the Soviet Union, while American film, music, and other cultures had a major impact on the entire world. Since the end of the Cold War in 1989, the United States has been the world's clearly leading economic and military power. The country houses many of the world's most famous universities and research institutions, and is a world leader in high technology. As a federal republic, political power in the United States is divided between the federal government in Washington and the states. At the federal level, power is divided between the president (since 2021 Joe Biden), a two-chamber congress and the Supreme Court. A similar structure is largely followed in most states, with a politically elected governor, a state congress and a state supreme court. The two major and dominant parties in the United States are called the Republicans and the Democrats.

Name and etymology

The name "America" ​​was first used in a world map made by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller in 1507, and comes after the discoverer Amerigo Vespucci. The term "The United States" was first used in the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and in the Constitution of 1777 (Confederate Articles) the name "United States of America" ​​became official. In English, the form "the United States" is as much used as the "United States of America" ​​name, and common short forms are "the U.S.", "US", "USA" or just "America". In Norwegian, the adjective "American" is mostly used for matters concerning the United States, and a citizen is most often called an "American", although the word in a broader sense can also refer to people from other countries in the continents of North America and South America. In Bokmål, "American-American" can be used about a person from the United States and "American-American" about matters concerning the United States. The forms were introduced in 2001 by the Norwegian Language Council. The term "American" is also sometimes used when there is a need for clear delimitation, but is neither standardized nor national language. The "federal states" have also been used about the country.

Natural Geography

The United States is the world's fourth largest country in area (after Russia, Canada and China) and third by population (after China and India). The country is large and has extensive geographical conditions. The country is located almost entirely in the Western Hemisphere, and consists of a total of 48 mainland states on the North American continent, the state of Alaska west of the Yukon in Canada and the archipelago and the state of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. In addition, there are a number of US territories around the world, most of them in the Pacific or the Caribbean. The territories include Puerto Rico, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa and a host of others. The country has land borders with Canada and Mexico, in addition t

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